Economic Justice
"Every perspective on economic life that is human, moral, and Christian must be shaped by three questions: What does the economy do for people? What does it do to people? And how do people participate in it?"

US Bishops, Economic Justice for All



Economic Justice for All Pastoral letter by the American bishops, 1986

What does our God require of us? February 1996 ecumenical statement on economic justice issued by the Anglican Church of Canada, Canadian Religious Conference - National, Church and Society Steering Committee, Division of Mission in Canada, United Church of Canada. Episcopal Commission for Social Affairs of the Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops, Justice Ministries Committee, Presbyterian Church in Canada, Working Group on Public Policy and Church and Society, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Canada

Economic Justice By Gerald Darring, from his Handbook of Catholic Social Teaching, originally published by Sheed & Ward in 1987



Observations on the Theology of Work and Economics By Stephen J. Grabill in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2012

Neither Capitalism nor Socialism: A Biblical Theology of Economics By Craig L. Blomberg in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2012

The Impact of Religiosity on Personal Financial Decisions By Dan W. Hess, Seattle Pacific University, in Journal of Religion & Society, 2012

The Political Economy of Economic Education: The Moral Dimensions By Dwight R. Lee, Mark C. Schug in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2011

Taking Economic Human Rights Seriously After the Debt Crisis By Steven A. Ramirez in Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Summer 2011

Connecting Economics to Theology By Garrick Small in Solidarity: The Journal of Catholic Social Thought and Secular Ethics, 2011

Economic Justice for All at age 25 Podcast of presentation by John Donahue, S.J., 2011

Ethical/Socially Responsible Investment: Towards an Ethics of Investment By Fr. Patrick Chilambwe in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2010

Co-Operatives and the Economic and Environmental Crisis By Dermot McKenna SJ in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2010

Enough: Foundation for a Moral and Ecological Economics By Anne B. Ryan in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2010

Social Enterprise – An Untapped Resource By Gerard Doyle in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2010

A New Economic Paradigm? By Gerry O'Hanlon SJ in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2010

A New Economic Paradigm? In the Concrete By Gerry O'Hanlon SJ in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2010

Narcissistic Behavior and the Economy: The Role of Virtues By Surendra Arjoon in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2010

Market Exchange, Self-Interest, and the Common Good: Financial Crisis and Moral Economy By Darrin W. Snyder Belousek in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2010

Christian Economic Principles Underlying 21st-Century Practices: Joseph Smith Jr. and Jose Maria Arizmendiarrieta By Susan Clayton Rather in Quodlibet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy, 2009

The Popes Versus the Free Market By Bruce Duncan in Eureka Street, April 2009

Social Justice and Economic Order According to Natural Law By Daniele Corrado, Stephano Solari in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2009

The Clergy and Economists: Two Windows on Common Objectives By Dwight R. Lee in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2009

Why the Market? Markets as Social and Moral Spaces By Virgil Henry Storr in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2009

Property, Ethics, and God By Jonathan E. Leightner in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2009

Stewardship,The Common Good and Resource Management:  Socio-Economic, Legal and Philosophical Challenges By Professor George P. Smith, II, The Catholic University of America Law School, at the Summons of Freedom Conference in the Center for Ethics and Culture at the University of Notre Dame, 2009

Globalization's Shifting Economic and Moral Terrain: Contesting Marketplace Mores By Albino Barrera, O.P. in Theological Studies, June 2008

A Faith Perspective on the Economy By Makbul Rahim in Thinking Faith: The Online Journal of the English Jesuits, October 2008

Neoliberal Globalization: Critiques and Alternatives By John Sniegocki in Theological Studies, June 2008

Economic Globalization and Asian Contextual Theology By Yahya Wijaya in Theological Studies, June 2008

A Faith Perspective on the Economy By Makbul Rahim in Thinking Faith: The Online Journal of the British Jesuits, October 2008

Our Economic Problem – Greed or Ignorance? By Peter Corbishley in Thinking Faith: The Online Journal of the British Jesuits, October 2008

Not The Bishops' Finest Hour: Economic Justice with Cerberus Unchained? By David L. Gregory in Journal of Catholic Legal Studies, 2008

Quas Primas and the Economic Ordering of Society for the Social Reign of Christ the King: A Third Perspective on the Bainbridge/Sargent Law and Economics Debate By Brian M. Mccall in Journal of Catholic Legal Studies, 2008

The Ethical Basis for Taxation in the Thought of Thomas Aquinas By Christopher Todd Meredith in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2008

Latin America: Economic Development and Social Justice By Robert J. Delahunty in University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 2008

The Necessity of Economics: The Preferential Option for the Poor, Markets, and Environmental Law By Andrew P. Morriss in University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 2008

The Economics of Subsidiarity: Envisioning a Family-Centered Economics By Patrick Reis, Holy Apostles College and Seminary, at “The Family: Searching for Fairest Love Conference” in the Center for Ethics and Culture at the University of Notre Dame, 2008

Consumerism and Christian Ethics By Kenneth R. Himes, O.F.M. in Theological Studies, March 2007

Biblical Economy, Wealth and Poverty: A Challenge to the Great Lakes Region of East Africa By James Ndyabahika in McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry, vol 8, 2007

Capitalism's Ingenious Immunity to the Guilty Conscience By Scott Stephens in Eureka Street, February 2007

The Ten Commandments of Marketing By Greg Soetomo in Eureka Street, February 2007

Stakeholder Unrest, Denominational Theology, and Economic Veracity:  Why the Shareholder Value Maximization Norm Should Remain Unchanged By Andrew R. Roop in Journal of Catholic Legal Studies, 2007

A “Marketless World”? An Examination of Wealth and Exchange in the Gospels and First-Century Palestine By Edd S. Noell in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2007

Christian Theology and the Human Ontology of Market Capitalism By John R. Schneider in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2007

Unrighteous Stewards in Biblical and Modern Times By Jonathan E. Leightner, Pamela Z. Jackson in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2007

Justice in Exchange: The Economic Philosophy of John Duns Scotus By Robert I. Mochrie in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2006

Can Neoclassical Economics Handle a Scriptural View of Forgiveness? By John N. Oswalt, Victor V. Claar in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2006

One Protestant Tradition's Interface with Austrian Economics: Christian Reconstruction as Critic and Ally By Glenn Moots, Timothy D. Terrell in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2006

Tax and Theology By Richard Teather in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2006

The Vision of Deuteronomy 15 with Regard to Poverty, Socialism, and Capitalism By Andrew Schein in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2006

Consumer Responsibility in the Marketplace of Moral Ideas By J. Clayton Shoppa, St. Edward's University, in Vita, Dulcedo et Spes, 2006

Economic Justice and Welfare Reform: Was Welfare Reform an Example of Prudential Judgment in the Public Policy By Charles M.A. Clark in University of St. Thomas Law Journal, 2006

Globalization and the World Economy: For Richer for Poorer, for Better or Worse? By Paul Mills in Cambridge Papers, March 2005

Utility, the Good and Civic Happiness: A Catholic Critique of Law and Economics By Mark A. Sargent in Journal of Catholic Legal Studies, Spring 2005

What Profits for a Man to Gain: Just (the) Price (of the Soul) By Jude Chua Soo Meng in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2005

Applying Judeo-Christian Principles to Contemporary Economic Issues By Cara Beed, Clive Beed in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2005

The Universal Destination of Goods: The Ethics of Property in the Theory of a Christian Society By Manfred Spieker in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2005

Natural Law and Modern Economic Theory By Gerson Moreno-Riaño in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2005

What Bearing, If Any, Does the Christian Doctrine of Providence Have Upon the Operation of the Market Economy? By Michael T. Dempsey in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2005

Fraud and Economic Dishonesty: A Curse on Our Society By James Skeen in Quodlibet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy, January-March 2004

A Biblical Precedent for the Coase Theorem? By Andrew Schein in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2004

Morality and the Law: Some Implications for Economics By Timothy P. Roth in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2004

An Economic Approach to Theology of the Lord's Prayer By Giacomo Costa in Quodlibet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy, October 2003

Sustaining Work, Prosperity and Fairness By Brendan MacPartlin, SJ in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, 2003

Economics And Justice By Eithne Fitzgerald in Working Notes of the Jesuit Centre for Faith and Justice, December 2003

For a Catholic Vision of the Economy By Marcelo Sánchez Sorondo in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

Toward a Theology of Economics: Arresting Congenital Scarcity by Developing Exchanges By Francis Woehrling in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

Is Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy an Adequate Foundation for the Market Economy? By James Halteman in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

Catholicism and the Economy: Augustine and Aquinas on Property Ownership By Richard J. Dougherty in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

The Added Value of Religion in Poverty-to-Work Programs: A Framework for Analysis By William Lockhart in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

The Relationship of God's Providence to Market Economics and Economic Theory By John Lunn, Robin Klay in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

Connections Between the Austrian School of Economics and Christian Faith: A Personalist Approach By Paul A. Cleveland in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2003

Beyond Welfare Reform: Economic Justice in the 21st Century By Peter B. Edelman, Georgetown University Law Center, lecture at the University of California, Berkeley, November 14, 2002

The consumer does pay By Tony Kelly CSsR in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Summer 2002

Is Entrepreneurial Activity Necessarily Pleasing to God? By Craig Gay in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2002

The Culture of Consumerism: A Catholic and Personalist Critique By Eduardo J. Echeverria, Gregory R. Beabout in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2002

First Philosophy of Democratic Capitalism As Creative Economy: A Thomistic Onto-Theology of Self-Communicative Ownership By Jude Chua Soo Meng in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2002

Does John Courtney Murray's Defense of Freedom Extend to Economics? An Austrian Perspective By William R. Luckey in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2002

Enough is Enough By Walter Brueggemann in The Other Side, November-December 2001. Brueggemann confronts economic imbalance--both global and personal--with the Bible's emphasis on abundance rather than scarcity

Render unto Caesar? The Dilemmas of Taxation Policy By Christopher Townsend in Cambridge Papers, September 2001

Scholastic Morality and the Birth of Economics: the Thought of Martín de Azpilcueta By Rodrigo Muñoz de Juana in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

Does Morality Hamper the Market Process? A Reappraisal of the Mises Thesis By David L. Prychitko, Scott A. Beaulier in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

Contractarion Analysis, Ethics, and Emerging Economies By Timothy P. Roth in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

A Model to Assess the Ethics of Benefits Distribution By Alan Wong, Uric Dufrene in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

"Christian" Economics By Francis Woehrling in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

The Ethical Foundation of the Market Economy: A Reflection on Economic Personalism in the Thought of Luigi Sturzo By Flavio Felice in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2001

Disciplinary Perspectives: Conversations about Distributive Justice By Catharyn Baird in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education , 2001

The Divine Economy By Paul Mills in Cambridge Papers,December 2000

The Poor and the Rich: Two Opposing Christian Communities By Piet Van Boxel in The Way, 2000

On the Choice of Method in Economics: Options for Humanists By Daniel K. Fin in Journal of Markets and Morality, 2000

Liberation theology essays by Lindy Davies
Ownership----- Value----- Capitalism----- Land----- The Sermon on the Mount

The Ethics of Capitalism By Jesús Huerta de Soto, Titular Professor of Political Economy, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, in Journal of Markets & Morality, Fall 1999

Harmonization Between Communitarian Ethics and Market Economics By Basant K. Kapur in Journal of Markets and Morality, Spring 1999

A Short History of Economics As a Moral Science By James E. Alvey in Journal of Markets and Morality, Spring 1999

The Economic Personalism of John Paul II: Neither Right Nor Left By Daniel K. Finn in Journal of Markets and Morality, Spring 1999

Toward the Definition of Economic Rights By Carmine Gorga in Journal of Markets and Morality, Spring 1999

The Ethics of Capitalism By Jesús Huerta de Soto in Journal of Markets and Morality, Fall 1999

The Imperialism of Economics Over Ethics By Jesús M. Zaratiegui in Journal of Markets and Morality, Fall 1999

Putting the Rich on Notice By David R. Weiss in Sojourners, 1998

John Paul II and the Moral Ecology of Markets By Daniel R. Finn in Theological Studies, December 1998

The Late-Scholastic and Austrian Link to Modern Catholic Economic Thought By Rev. Robert A. Sirico, President, Acton Institute for the Study of Religion and Liberty, in Journal of Markets & Morality, October 1998

Economic Religion Versus Christian Values By Robert H. Nelson in Journal of Markets and Morality, October 1998

Idols in Hyperspace: The Janus-Face of Capitalism By Ian Linden

Liberation Theology and Economics: Like Oil and Water? By Michael S. Johnson, Professor of Economics at Spring Hill College, February 1997

Moral Imperatives for Addressing Structural Adjustment and Economic Reform Measures Statement from the Religious Working Group on the World Bank and the IMF, in Maryknoll Peace and Justice,  May 1997

Investing as a Christian: Reaping Where You Have Not Sown? By Paul Mills in Cambridge Papers, June 1996

Theological and Philosophical Roots of Compensatory Payments in Forensics Economics By Homayoun Hajirin, Professor of Economics, Wheeling Jesuit University, in Wheeling Jesuit University's Cardinal Perspectives, Spring 1996

Bernard Dempsey's Theological Economics: Usury, Profit, and Human Fulfillment By D. Stephen Long in Theological Studies, December 1996

Faith versus prudence? Christians and Financial Security By Paul Mills in Cambridge Papers, March 1995

Africa's Economic Crisis in Theological Perspective By Gerishon M Kirika in Reformed World, September 1994

Ethics, Business, and the Economy By John Langan in Theological Studies, March 1994

Economic Justice for All but Church Employees By Richard P. McBrien in National Catholic Reporter, Sept 3, 1993

Public Religious Dialogue: The Economic Pastoral and the Hermeneutics of Democracy By Gerard Magill in Theological Studies, December 1993

Moral Discourse on Economic Justice: Considerations from the Old Testament By Richard Nysse, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, in Word & World, 1992

The Jesuits and the Spirit of Capitalism By Fred Seddon in Wheeling Jesuit College's Annual, Spring 1991

The Berlin Wall, 1992 and Beyond By John Lucal in The Way, 1991

The Bourgeois Spirit By Bernice Martin in The Way, 1991

Do We Want a Christian Economics? The U.S. Bishops' Pastoral Letter By Richard C. Bayer in Theological Studies, December 1990

The Pastoral on the Economy: From Drafts to Policy By John P. Langan in Theological Studies, March 1987

Church and Economy By Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger in Communio: International Catholic Review, Fall 1986

Capitalist Culture and Christian Faith By John Kavanaugh in The Way, 1985

The Bishops and the U.S. Economy By David Hollenbach in Theological Studies, March 1985

Corporate Investments, Ethics, and Evangelical Poverty: A Challenge to American Religious Orders By David Hollenbach in Theological Studies, June 1973

Temporal Goods and Merit By P. Lumbreras, O. P. Scroll to page 429. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 46, From January to October, 1921

The Social Obligations of Capital Editorial. Scroll to page 70. The Catholic Charities Review, March 1919

Wide Private Ownership By Rev. R. A. McGowan. Scroll to page 80. The Catholic Charities Review, March 1919

Anti-Social Land Ownership in California Editorial. Scroll to page 165. The Catholic Charities Review, June 1919

The Business of Salvation Book by Bernard John Otten, SJ, 1916

History of Economics: Economics as a Factor in the Making of History Book by Fr. J.A. Dewe, 1908

The Characteristics and the Religion of Modern Socialism Book by John J. Ming, SJ, 1908

Socialism and Christianity Book by Bishop Wm. Stang, 1905

Catholicity and Socialism By Rev. W. J. Kerby. Scroll to page 225. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 30, From January to October, 1905

The Principle of Collectivism By William Poland, SJ. Scroll to page 53. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 26, From January to October, 1901

The Socialism of the Socialist By William J. Kerby. Scroll to page 468. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 26, From January to October, 1901

The Catholic Church in Its Relation to Material Progress By R. F. Clarke, SJ. Scroll to page 791. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 25, From January to October, 1900

The Capitalist and His Point of View By Rev. W. J. Kerhy. Scroll to the July issue, p. 18. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 24, From January to October, 1899

Socialism Exposed and Refuted Book by Victor Cathrein, SJ, 1892

Individualism and Exclusive Ownership By James A. Cain. Scroll to page 82. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 13, From January to October, 1888

The Right of Individual Ownership—Does It Spring From the Natural or the Human Law? By Msgr. J de Concilio. Scroll to page 270. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 13, From January to October, 1888

Some Aspects of Private Fortunes By E. W. Gilliam, LL.D. Scroll to page 647. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 12, From January to October, 1887

Latin American Economics and Catholic Social Teaching Articles from the Houston Catholic Worker



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