Exodus


Introduction to Exodus From the New American Bible

Exodus From the NIV Bible: title, author and date of writing, chronology, the route of Exodus, themes and theology, and outline

The Story of the Red Sea as a Theological Framework of Interpretation By Young M. Song, Kosin University, Kosin, South Korea, and Jan A. du Rand, Department of Biblical Studies, University of Johannesburg, South Africa, in Verbum et Ecclesia, 2009

The Exodus Plagues Narrative By Lee Gatiss in Theologian: The Internet Journal for Integrated Theology, 2005

The Exodus and the Spade: The Impact of Archaeology on the Interpretation of the Book of Exodus By H.L. Bosman, University of Stellenbosch, in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2002

The Shattered Tablets of the Law: Ten Commandments By Ed Codish in Judaism, Summer 2002

The Ten Plagues and Statistical Science as a Way of Knowing By Tammi Benjamin and Marc Mangel in Judaism, Winter 1999

Moses and Jesus: The Birth of the Savior By Allan Kensky in Judaism, Winter 1993

The Theological Significance of the Exodus By Irwin W. Reist, Th.M., in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Fall 1969

Shemot (Book of Exodus) Massoretic, Hebrew, Aramaic, JPS, Kaplan texts of Exodus from the Jewish Publication Society Bible

Sefer Shmot - Introduction By Menachem Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. An Orthodox Jewish introduction to the Book of Exodus

Book of Exodus By Emil G. Hirsch, Benno Jacob and S. R. Driver in The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1910

Exodus iTanakh's collection of links, courtesy of R. Christopher Heard of Milligan College

Early Jewish Writings: Exodus Online and offline resources for Exodus

The Exodus and The Wanderings in the Wilderness Volume II of The Bible History, Old Testament by Alfred Edersheim

An Introduction to the Book of Exodus By David Malick

Exodus: A People is Born By W. Gunther Plaut. Excerpted from The Torah: A Modern Commentary

Moses By Joseph Jacobs, George A. Barton, Wilhelm Bacher, Jacob Zallel Lauterbach, Crawford Howell Toy and Kaufmann Kohler in The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1910

Assassinating Moses 5-volume work by Ove von Spaeth: 1. The Suppressed Record: Moses' Unknown Egyptian Background. 2. The Enigmatic Son of Pharaoh's Daughter: Moses' Identity and Mystery Re-evaluated. 3. The Vanished Successor: Rediscovering Moses' Hidden War Leading to Exodus. 4. The Secret Religion: Moses and the Egyptian Heritage in Past and Present. 5. Prophet and Unknown Genius: Illuminating Moses the Advanced Pioneer

Moses: In the Bible & Beyond By Rabbi Louis Jacobs, from The Jewish Religion: A Companion, published by Oxford University Press

Aaron, the High Priest By David Mandel, from Who's Who in the Hebrew Bible

Miriam By David Mandel, from Who's Who in the Hebrew Bible

Zipporah By David Mandel, from Who's Who in the Hebrew Bible

The Golden Calf By Dr. Jeffrey H. Tigay, from The JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy

The Tabernacle By Rabbi Louis Jacobs, from The Jewish Religion: A Companion

Tabernacle Executive Committee of the Editorial Board and Eduard König in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

Cherubim By Rabbi Louis Jacobs, from The Jewish Religion: A Companion. Winged creatures associated with the Ark puzzled Jewish scholars

The Red Heifer By Rabbi Louis Jacobs, from The Jewish Religion: A Companion. This purification ritual contains a puzzling paradox

What happened to the Ark? By Phyllis Enstrom and Peet van Dyk in Religion and Theology

Translating Exodus By William H. C. Propp in The Bible and Interpretation. Describes first steps in translating Exodus 1-18, Anchor Bible

On Moses By Walter Brueggemann

On the Night of Pharaoh's Surrender Walter Brueggemann

Tables of the Law By Emil G. Hirsch and Wilhelm Bacher in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

Let My People Go - A Hoax or a Mission? By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center

'Basic Training' in the Desert By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Along their journey from Egypt towards Har Sinai, Bnei Yisrael encounter frightening war and life-threatening shortages of food and water. Are they expected not to complain, to passively accept this fate and just sit back and wait patiently for God's salvation? Is God simply 'testing' their patience?

The Colloquy of Moses on Mount Sinai: Where Syriac Christianity Meets Islamic Spain and Africa between the 16th and 19th Centuries By Karla R. Suomala, Luther College, Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, July 2004

The Four Stages of Ma'amad Har Sinai By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. The primary purpose of Ma'amad Har Sinai was Bnei Yisrael's receiving of the Torah. The Torah's presentation of this event reflects the dialectic nature of our relationship with God

When Did Yitro Come? (Ein Mukdam U'm'uchar Ba'Torah) By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. The study of how the Torah presents the laws, i.e. their sequence and progression, as well as the manner in which the laws are given, will be no less significant than the study of the mitzvot themselves! This shiur provides an overall introduction to this topic

Exodus 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 1 The text of chapter 1 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Freedom or Knowledge? Perspective and Purpose in the Exodus Narrative (Exodus 1-15) By Lyle Eslinger, Department of Religious Studies, The University of Calgary

Birth Bricks, Potter's Wheels, and Exodus 1,16 By Kevin McGeough, Biblica 2006

The Feminine Touch in the Legend of Moses By Charles David Isbell

Jacob of Edessa's version of Exodus 1 and 28 By Alison Salvesan, Oxford University, Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, January 2005

Moses as Abandoned Hero By Nahum Sarna. From The JPS Torah Commentary: Exodus

Exodus 2-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 2 The text of chapter 2 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Moses—in Egypt and Midian (Exodus 2:11-25) By Danny Olinger, in Kerux: The Journal of Northwest Theological Seminary

Exodus 3-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 3 The text of chapter 3 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

I Would Be Who I Would Be! A Proposal for Reading Exodus 3:11-14 By Randall J. Pannell, Regent University, in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2006

Exodus 3:14 and the Divine Name: Textual and Historical Considerations By Scott Foutz in Quodlibet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy, November 2002

Burning Bush By Marcus Jastrow, Louis Ginzberg, Morris Jastrow Jr. and J. Frederic McCurdy in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

Exodus 3:14 and the Divine Name: A Case of Biblical Paronomasia By Barry J. Beitzel, Trinity Journal, 1980

Exodus 4-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 4 The text of chapter 4 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

The Bloody Bridegroom in Exodus 4:24–26 By Ronald B. Allen, Bibliotheca Sacra, 1996

Ethnicity, Exogamy, and Zipporah By Karen Strand Winslow, Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal, Summer 2006

Exodus 5-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 5 The text of chapter 5 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 6-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 6 The text of chapter 6 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 7 The text of chapter 7 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Blessing and Curse Inside and Outside the Covenant: "The Hardening of Pharaoh's Heart" By Willie Young, Loyola College in Maryland, Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Comments on "Pharaoh's Hardened Heart" By Kris Lindbeck, Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Pharaoh's Hardened Heart By Daniel W. Hardy, Cambridge University , Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Pharaoh's Hardened Heart: Cruel and Unusual Punishment and Covenantal Ethics By Shaul Magid, Jewish Theological Seminary, Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Pharaoh's Hardened Heart: Some Christian Readings By Stanley Hauerwas, Duke Divinity School , Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

The Hardness of Extrication: Narratival Interpretation of the Moses/Pharaoh/God Encounters By Kurt Anders Richardson, McMaster University, Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Miriam - From Prophet to Leper By Ita Sheres and Anne K. Blau

The "Hearts" of Exodus By William Wesley Elkins, The Theological School, Drew University, Journal of Scriptural Reasoning, 2002

Metamorphosis of a Ferocious Pharaoh By Ph. Guillaume, Biblica, 2004

A Paradigm for the Exodus Conflict (Exodus 7:8-13) By Jeong Woo (James) Lee, in Kerux: The Journal of Northwest Theological Seminary

The Phrase Mynb)bw Myc(bw in Exod 7,19 By B. Lemmelijn, Biblica, 1999

Exodus 7:51-8:21 By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Just as this week's Parsha describes the final stages of the construction of the Mishkan, this week's Haftara describes the final stages of the construction of the First Bet HaMikdash. In both cases, the climax centers on the Sh'china - in the form of the anan - covering the new structure, a sign that indeed His Divine Presence rests within Am Yisrael

Brit Bein Ha'Btarim or Brit Milah? By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. On the covenant

Exodus 8-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 8 The text of chapter 8 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 9-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 9 The text of chapter 9 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 10-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 10 The text of chapter 10 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Facing Pharaoh By Rabbi Arthur Waskow, 2000. An interpretation of Exodus 10:1 ff.

Exodus 11-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 11 The text of chapter 11 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 12-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 12 The text of chapter 12 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Passover By Emil G. Hirsch and the Executive Committee of the Editorial Board in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

Pesach and Chag Ha'Matzot By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Why do we eat matzah? Is it simply to remember how God saved us during the events of Yetziat Mitzrayim?

Korban Pesach and Yom Hashem By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. According to Rashi, Pesach was already celebrated some four hundred years before the Exodus

Plague By the Executive Committee of the Editorial Board. J. F. McLaughlin and Judah David Eisenstein in The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1910

Exodus By Emil G. Hirsch in The Jewish Encyclopedia, 1910

Exodus 13-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 13 The text of chapter 13 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 14-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 14 The text of chapter 14 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 15-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 15 The text of chapter 15 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 15:1-4a, 8-13, 17-18 Reflections by Pope John Paul II, 2001

The Song of Miriam (Exodus 15:19-21) By Robert Van Kooten, in Kerux: The Journal of Northwest Theological Seminary

Proving and Provision at Marah (Exodus 15:22-27) By David J. Klein, in Kerux: The Journal of Northwest Theological Seminary

Exodus 16-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 16 The text of chapter 16 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 17-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 17 The text of chapter 17 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Amalek - genetic or generic? By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Amalek is singled out as Israel's 'arch enemy.' What was so terrible about Amalek's attack that requires a battle 'for all generations'?

Exodus 18-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 18 The text of chapter 18 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 19-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 19 The text of chapter 19 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Towards the Peak of Mount Sinai: A Discourse-Pragmatic Analysis of Exodus 19 By Nicolai Winther-Nielsen, Dansk Bibel-Institut, SEE-J Hiphil, 2005

A Royal Priesthood:  Literary and Intertextual Perspectives on an Image of Israel in Exodus 19:6 By John A. Davies, Presbyterian Theological Centre, Sydney, in Tyndale Bulletin, 2002

Law and Narrative in Exodus 19-24 By Joe M Sprinkle, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Jun 2004

Exodus 20-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 20 The text of chapter 20 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 20: Moses and the Ten Commandments Interactive computer lessons written and designed by David Landry

Exodus 21-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 21 The text of chapter 21 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Lex Talionis in Exod 21:22-25: Its Origin and Context By Yung Suk Kim in Journal of Hebrew Scriptures - Volume 6 (2006)

Licence to Kill? By Jonathan Burnside in Cambridge Papers, June 2002

Exodus 22-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 22 The text of chapter 22 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 23-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 23 The text of chapter 23 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exod 23,20-33 and the 'War of YHWH' By Hans Ausloos in Biblica, 1999

Exodus 24-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 24 The text of chapter 24 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 25-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 25 The text of chapter 25 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 26-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 266 The text of chapter 26 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 27-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 27 The text of chapter 27 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 28-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 28 The text of chapter 28 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 29-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 29 The text of chapter 29 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 30-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 30 The text of chapter 30 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 31-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 31 The text of chapter 31 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 32-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 32 The text of chapter 32 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

The Mishkan: Before or After Chet Ha'Egel? By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Had it not been for Chet Ha'Egel, would Bnei Yisrael have needed a Mishkan? Many claim that the answer to this 'philosophical' question lies in the famous 'exegetical' controversy between Rashi and Ramban concerning when God commanded Bnei Yisrael to build the Mishkan, before or after the sin of the golden calf

Chet Ha'Egel and the 13 Midot of Rachamim By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. Does it make sense that Bnei Yisrael truly believed that it was a 'golden calf' (and not God) who took them out of Egypt? Obviously not, but when they see the calf, this seems to be precisely what they say: "...this is your god O' Israel, who took you out of the Land of Egypt!" In Part I of this week's shiur, we present an interpretation that attempts to explain this and many other difficulties of the story of Chet Ha'Egel, by taking into consideration many of the events that had transpired earlier in Sefer Shmot

Breastplate of the High Priest By Morris Jastrow Jr., Ira Maurice Price, Marcus Jastrow and Louis Ginzberg in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

Exodus 32 as an argument for traditional theism By Master, Jonathan, Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Dec 2002

Exodus 33-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 33 The text of chapter 33 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Ex 33 on God's face: A Lesson from the Enochic Tradition By Andre A. Orlov of Marquette University

Exodus 34-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 34 The text of chapter 34 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus, Psalms and Hebrews: A God Abounding in Steadfast Love (Ex 34:6) By Alphonso Groenewald, Department of Old Testament Studies, University of Pretoria, in HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 2008

Exodus 35-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 35 The text of chapter 35 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 36-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 36 The text of chapter 36 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 37-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 37 The text of chapter 37 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 38-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 38 The text of chapter 38 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Exodus 39-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 39 The text of chapter 39 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

Clothing From Heaven (Exodus 39) By Douglas B. Clawson, in Kerux: The Journal of Northwest Theological Seminary

Exodus 40-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Shemot - Chapter 40 The text of chapter 40 along with the commentary by the 11th-century rabbi Rashi

From Sefer Shmot to Vayikra and Bamidbar By Menachem Leibtag, in Memory of Rabbi Avraham Leibtag. From The Tanach Study Center. The dramatic, triumphant conclusion of Sefer Shmot seems to end on a 'sour note': although the Sh'china returns, Moshe Rabbeinu cannot enter the Mishkan! Did something go wrong? Was Moshe unworthy?



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