The Gospels




Introduction to the Gospels From the New American Bible

Pages courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D., Loyola Institute for Spirituality in Orange, CA
  • The Four Gospels: Some Comparative Overview Charts
  • The Synoptic Gospels: Structural Outlines and Unique Materials
  • Women in Synoptic Gospels
  • Disciples and Apostles in the New Testament
  • The Feeding of the Multitudes, the Last Supper, and the Lord's Supper
  • The Eschatological Discourse in the Synoptic Gospels
  • The Synoptic Problem and Some Proposed Solutions

    Bibliography: The Gospels Compiled by Fr. William Harmless, S.J., of Creighton University

    Honoring the Dishonored: The Cultural Edge of Jesus' Beatitudes Essay by Jerome H. Neyrey, S.J

    The New Hosanna in the New Temple: Jesus' Entry into Jerusalem By Jose Granados, DCJM, assistant professor of patrology and philosophy of the body at the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Studies on Marriage and Family at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., in Communio, Spring 2009

    Historicity and Historiography: A Look at the Gospels By Fr. Scott Carl, SSL, The Saint Paul Seminary School of Divinity, 2009

    The gospel myth of Christian origins By Flip Schutte in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2006

    The Burden of the Gospels By Wendell Berry in The Christian Century, September 2005

    Sanctification in the Jesus Tradition By Hanna Stettler, Biblica, 2004

    Divorce, Reproof and Other Sayings in the Synoptic Gospels: Jesus Traditions in the Context of "Qumranic" and Other Texts By Menahem Kister at the Hebrew University's Center for the Study of Christianity, January 2004

    The Synoptic Problem Home Page The Synoptic Problem concerns the literary relationship between the first three "synoptic" gospels of the New Testament: Matthew, Mark, and Luke. This page surveys proposed solutions and provides a clearing-house for materials related to its resolution. Created & maintained by Stephen C. Carlson, 2003

    The destruction of Jerusalem and the transmission of the Synoptic eschatological discourse By N.H. Taylor in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2003

    Imitatio Christi and the Gospel Genre By David B. Capes in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2003

    Passover and Last Supper By Robin Routledge, Herringthorpe, Rotherham, in Tyndale Bulletin, 2002

    Murderous Mother, Ditto Daughter? Herodias and Salome at the Opera By Caroline Vander Stichele in Lectio Difficilior, a European E-Journal for Feminist Exegesis, 2001

    Israeli Archaeologists Discover Herod's Palace By Jacqueline Schaalje in The Bible and Interpretation,2001

    Where was the Temple of Herod? By Richley Crapo in The Bible and Interpretation, 2001. Utah State University anthropologist says Dome of the Rock is not location of Herod's Temple

    Hidden Gospels By Philip Jenkins in The Bible and Interpretation, 2001

    The Jewish Messiahs By Harris Lenowitz in The Bible and Interpretation, 2001

    Jerusalem at the Time of Jesus By Jerome Murphy-O'Connor, O.P. in Scripture from Scratch, 2000

    Gospel "Variations" on Psalm 22 By Paul Zilonka, C.P. in Compassion, 2000. Focus on Jesus' use of the opening words, "My God, my God, why have you abandoned me?"

    The Riddle of the Four Faces: Solving an Ancient Mystery By Darek Barefoot, 2000

    Reading and Writing in the Time of Jesus By Alan Millard in The Bible and Interpretation, 2000

    From Jesus to Christ: The Origins of the New Testament Images of Jesus By Paula Fredriksen in The Bible and Interpretation, 2000

    Excavating Jesus By Jonathan Reed in The Bible and Interpretation

    Bethsaida and the Ministry of Jesus around the Sea of Galilee By Rami Arav in The Bible and Interpretation

    The Sense of the Past in the New Testament and the Qur'an By Gregory W. Dawes. Chapter 1 of the book Islamic and Christian Cultures: Conflict or Dialogue, 1999

    Review Article: The Use of Rabbinic Sources in Gospel Studies By D. Instone Brewer, Tyndale House, Cambridge, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1999

    Jesus' New Economy of Grace By Ched Myers in Sojourners, July-August 1998

    The Use of Isaiah 5,1-7 in the Parable of the Tenants (Mark 12,1-12; Matthew 21,33-46) By Wim J.C. Weren in Biblica, 1998

    The `literariness' of the New Testament Gospels By Johannes C de Klerk in Religion and Theology, 1997

    The Red-Haired Saint: Is Mary Magdalene the Key to the Easter Narratives? By James T. Baker in Christian Century, 1997

    Women Disciples By Miss Ann Mary in Focus, 1997

    The Galilean Fishing Economy and the Jesus Tradition By K.C. Hanson, Biblical Theology Bulletin, 1997

    'Being Shed for You/Many': Time-Sense and Consequences in the Synoptic Cup Citations By Lynne C. Boughton, Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Oakton Community College, Illinois, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1997

    Are the Gospels Mythical? By Rene Girard in First Things, April 1996

    Outsiders in the Gospels By Jane Kopas in The Way, 1993

    The Jewish Calendar, A Lunar Eclipse and the Date of Christ's Crucifixion By Colin J. Humphreys, Professor of Materials Science, University of Cambridge, and W.G. Waddington, Research Fellow in Astrophysics, University  of Oxford, in Tyndale Bulletin, November 1992

    The Orthodoxy of the 'Q' Sayings of Jesus By Edward P. Meadors, University of Aberdeen, in Tyndale Bulletin, November 1992

    The Gospel and Gospel Traditions in Early Christianity By Arland J. Hultgren, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, in Word & World, 1991

    Pilate's Assize and the Timing of Jesus' Trial By Brent Kinman, Saint Edmund's College, Cambridge, in Tyndale Bulletin, November 1991

    Images of Jesus and the Christian Vocation in the Gospels of Luke and John By Mary Rose D'Angelo in Spirituality Today, 1985

    Images of Jesus and the Christian Vocation in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew By Mary Rose D'Angelo in Spirituality Today, 1984

    Using Literary Criticism on the Gospels By Robert M. Fowler, Professor of Religion and Chairperson of the Department of Religion, at Baldwin-Wallace College in Berea, Ohio, in The Christian Century, May 26, 1982

    Literary Criticism and Gospel Criticism By Roland Mushat Frye in Theology Today, 1979

    Jesus in the First Three Gospels Full text of the 1977 book by Millar Burrows

    Was the Tomb Really Empty? By Robert H. Stein in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1977

    An Investigation of the Agreements between Matthew and Luke against Mark By Robert L. Thomas in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1976

    Roles of Women in the Fourth Gospel By Raymond E. Brown. Union Theological Seminary, N.Y.C., in Theological Studies, 1975

    Authority in the Gospel By John Ashton in The Way, 1972

    What is Redaktionsgeschicht By Robert H. Stein in Journal of Biblical Literature, March 1969

    Anti-semitism and the Gospel By Dominic M. Crossan in Theological Studies, June 1965

    Anti-semitism in the Gospel By Gerald O'Collins in Theological Studies, December 1965

    Anti-semitism and the Cry of "All the People" By Joseph A. Fitzmyer in Theological Studies, December 1965

    The Biblical Commission's instruction on the Historical Truth of the Gospels By Joseph A. Fitzmyer in Theological Studies, September 1964

    The Gospels By Robert M. Grant. Chapter 7 of A Historical Introduction to the New Testament, 1963

    The Synoptic Gospels By William Barclay. Chapter 2 of Many Witnesses, One Lord, 1963

    Memory and Manuscript: The Origins and Transmission of the Gospel Tradition By Joseph A. Fitzmyer in Theological Studies, September 1962

    "Thou Art Peter" By George A. F. Knight in Theology Today, 1960

    Two Gnostic Gospels By Robert McQueen Grant in Journal of Biblical Literature, March 1960

    The Preacher and the Historical Witness of the Gospels By Francis J. McCool in Theological Studies, December 1960

    The Conception of Our Gospels As Salvation-History By David Michael Stanley, S.J. in Theological Studies, December 1959

    Revival of Synoptic Source-Criticism By Francis J. McCool in Theological Studies, December 1956

    The Study of the Gospels By Richard Heard. Chapter 4 of An Introduction to the New Testament, 1950

    The Oral Tradition By Richard Heard. Chapter 5 of An Introduction to the New Testament, 1950

    Written Gospel Sources By Richard Heard. Chapter 6 of An Introduction to the New Testament, 1950

    Tatian's Diatessaron and a Persian Harmony of the Gospels By Bruce M. Metzger in Journal of Biblical Literature, September 1950

    The Confession of Peter By Daniel J. Saunders in Theological Studies, December 1949

    The Anti-Marcionite Prologues By Engelbert Gutwenger in Theological Studies, September 1946

    The Caesarean Text of the Gospels By Bruce M. Metzger in Journal of Biblical Literature, December 1945

    The Synoptic Healing Narrative and Rabbinic Analogies By Laurence J. McGinley in Theological Studies, March 1943

    Hellenic Analogies and the Typical Healing Narrative By Laurence J. McGinley in Theological Studies, September 1943

    Form-Criticism of the Synoptic Healing Narratives, II By Laurence J. McGinley in Theological Studies, March 1942

    Form-Criticism of the Synoptic Healing Narratives By Laurence J. McGinley in Theological Studies, June 1942

    The Chronology From Mary's Betrothal to the Birth of Christ By Paul Gaetcher in Theological Studies, June 1941

    The Chronology From Mary's Betrothal to the Birth of Christ By Paul Gaetcher in Theological Studies, September 1941

    Form Criticism and the Synoptic Gospels: A Summary Study and Criticism By John J. Collins in Theological Studies, September 1941

    Form-Criticism of the Synoptic Healing Narratives By Laurence J. McGinley in Theological Studies, December 1941

    The Genealogies of Jesus By Henry A. Sanders in Journal of Biblical Literature, 1913

    Gospel and Gospels By Francis Gigot in Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909

    Rabbi By Isidore Singer, Isaac Broyde, Joseph Jacobs, Judah David Eisenstein, Kaufmann Kohler and Max Landsberg in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

    Jesus and Women Women in the Gentile World. Women in Palestinian Judaism. Women in the Gospels


    MIRACLES

    Miracle Stories in the New Testament Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Form Criticism of Healing Miracle Narratives Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Demons and Exorcisms in the Gospels Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    The Healing Jesus: Interpreting the Miracle Stories By Helen Doohan in Scripture from Scratch, 1999

    How Do We Interpret the Parables and Miracles of Jesus? Dr Gerard Hall, Head, School of Theology, McAuley Campus, Australian Catholic University

    Signs not Wonders: Understanding the Miracles of Jesus as Jesus Understood Them By George Soares-Prabhu in The Way, 1990

    The Jewish Miracle By Armand Abecassis in SIDIC Periodical, 1988

    The Miraculous By H. J. Richards in SIDIC Periodical, 1988

    Miracle in the Hasidic tradition By Kurt Hruby in SIDIC Periodical, 1988


    PARABLES

    Parables and Images Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Interpreting the Parables of the Galilean Jesus: A Social-Scientific Approach By Ernest van Eck in HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 2009

    When Patrons Are Not Patrons: A Social-Scientific Reading of the Rich Man and Lazarus (Lk 16:19-26) By Ernest van Eck in HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 2009

    The Challenge of Jesus' Parables A Scholarly Handbook for Ministers and Preachers By Dieter H. Reinstorf in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2006

    Rebel Soldiers As Good Samaritans: New Testament Parables in an African Context By Glenna S. Jackson, Otterbein College, Department of Religion and Philosophy, in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2004

    Reflections on Jesus' Parables As Metaphorical Stories Past and Present By Dieter Reinstorf, Andries van Aarde in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2002

    Parables and their Social Contexts Chapter 6 of David B. Gowler's What Are They Saying About the Parables? Paulist Press, 2000

    Recent Research on the Parable of the Wicked Tenants: An Assessment By Klyne R. Snodgrass in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1998

    'Look at the Birds of the Air ...' By James Crampsey in The Way, 1991

    The Midrashic Parable as a Means for Transmitting Faith By Abramo Priattelli in SIDIC Periodical, 1987

    The Parabels of Jesus and the Rabbinic Parables By Dominique De La Maisonneuve in SIDIC Periodical, 1987

    The Parables in Catechesis By Sofia Cavalletti in SIDIC Periodical, 1987

    Parables and Midrash By different authors in SIDIC Periodical, 1987

    The Pharisaic Jesus and His Gospel Parables By Philip Culbertson, rector of Christ Episcopal Church in Oberlin, Ohio, in The Christian Century, January 23, 1985

    The Parables of Jesus in Recent Study By Robert H. Stein, Bethel Theological Seminary, St. Paul, MN, in Word & World, 1985

    Perspectives on the Parables--Glimpses of the Kingdom of God By Robert H. Albers, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary, St. Paul, MN, in Word & World, 1984

    The Parables of Jesus Texts and meditations by Don Schwager

    Seed Parables of Jesus By John Dominic Crossan in Journal of Biblical Literature, June 1973

    Parable of the Wicked Husbandmen By John Dominic Crossan in Journal of Biblical Literature, December 1971

    Parable Wilhelm Bacher and Jacob Zallel Lauterbach in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

    Parables Article in the 1913 edition of the Catholic Encyclopedia

    Intimations of the Year of Jubilee in the Parables of the Wicked Tenants and Workers in the Vineyard By Herman C. Waetjen, professor emeritus of New Testament at San Francisco Theological Seminary and the Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley

    Letting Parables Live By Walter Wink, professor at Auburn Theological Seminary, New York City

    How Do We Interpret the Parables and Miracles of Jesus? Dr Gerard Hall, Head, School of Theology, McAuley Campus, Australian Catholic University


    THE EVANGELISTS

    Who Really Wrote the Gospels, and Why Should We Care? Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Four-Fold Role of the Evangelists as Authors By Felix Just, S.J., Ph.D.

    Early Christian Texts Quoted by Eusebius on the Authorship of the Gospels and the Book of Revelation Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Symbols of the Four Evangelists Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    Evangelist Charles Souvay, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909


    THE PASSION AND DEATH OF JESUS

    The Passion and Death of Jesus Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    The Death of Jesus in Mark vs. John Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    The Passion of Jesus By Ronald D. Witherup, S.S. in Scripture from Scratch

    The Passion Narratives: The Cross Takes Center Stage By Carol Luebering in Scripture from Scratch

    Who Killed Jesus? By Paul L. Maier in Christianity Today

    Crucifixion in Antiquity: The Evidence By Joe Zias

    Crucifixion By Kaufmann Kohler and Emil G. Hirsch in the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1906

    Jesus' Death in Q By David Seeley in New Testament Studies, 1992

    The Trial of Jesus In an Age of Trials By Thomas F. O'Meara in Theology Today, 1972

    The Passion of Christ in the Four Gospels By Arthur Barnes, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911

    The Crucifixion as Chaoskampf: A New Reading of the Passion Narrative in the Synoptic Gospels By Dominic Rudman in Biblica, 2003


    THE RESURRECTION

    The Resurrection of Jesus Courtesy of Prof. Felix Just, S.J.

    The Easter Season: The Resurrection Narratives By Raymond E. Brown, S.S. in American Catholic

    Grave Matters: Take Away the Resurrection and the Center of Christianity Collapses By N. T. Wright in Christianity Today

    On the Third Day: God's Promise Fulfilled By N.T. Wright

    Resurrection of Jesus Christ By Anthony Maas, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911



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