The Holocaust


Catholic Teaching on the Shoah: Implementing the Holy See's We Remember Guidelines from the American bishops, February 2006

Holocaust-Shoah: Its Effect on Christian Theology and Life in Argentina and Latin America Final declaration of the First International Symposium of Christian Theology, Buenos Aires, May 2006

We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah March 1998 document issued by the Vatican Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews

Declaration of Repentance French Bishops, 1997

Confronting the Debate About the Role of Switzerland during the Second World War Swiss Bishops, 1997

Supported by One Root: Our Relationship to Judaism Dutch Bishops, 1995

The Victims of Nazi Ideology Polish Bishops, 1995

An Opportunity to Re-examine Relationships with Jews German Bishops, 1995

Joint Statement on the Occasion of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Holocaust Hungarian Bishops and Ecumenical Council of Churches in Hungary, 1994

Joint Statement on Dealing with Holocaust Revisionism A document by The Synagogue Council of America and The National Conference of Catholic Bishops, March 14, 1994

Pastoral Letter on Jewish-Catholic Relations Polish Bishops, 1991

Accepting the Burden of History: Common Declaration on the 50th Anniversary of the Pogroms Against the Jewish Community on the Night of 9-10 November 1938 Bishops of West Germany, Austria & Berlin, 1988


Two Popes, One Holocaust By Kevin Madigan in Commentary, December 2010

From European Anti-Jesuitism to German Anti-Jewishness: A Tale of Two Texts By James Bernauer, S.J., Boston College. A Presentation at the Conference “Honoring Stanislaw Musial,” Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland, 2009

Studies in Christian-Jewish Relations [published by the Center for Christian-Jewish Learning at Boston College], volume 4, issue 1, 2009. Includes:
The Holocaust as a Source for Jewish-Christian Bonding Gershon Greenberg
Has the Papacy 'Owned' Vatican Guilt for the Church's Role in the Holocaust? Kevin Madigan
The Vatican, Antisemitism, and the Holocaust: A Response to Kevin Madigan Kevin P. Spicer C.S.C.
Does the Church 'Get' the Holocaust? A Response to Kevin Madigan Alan Brill

Bigotry against Bonhoeffer in Jerusalem By Stephen A. Wise in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Spring 2009

May the Names of These Victims Never Perish Pope Benedict XVI's address at Yad Vashem, May 2009

Pope Pius XII From the Jewish Virtual Library. The role of Pius XII in the Holocaust is controversial and a source of Jewish-Catholic tensions. We offer here some of the accusations made against the Pope and a number of responses from his defenders

Between Morality and Diplomacy: The Vatican's "Silence" during the Holocaust By Frank J. Coppa in Journal of Church and State, Summer 2008

The Church Embraces All People Address of His Beatitude Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and all Greece, at the Commemorative Event organized by the Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece. Delivered before the Statue of the Late Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens in the Square of the Cathedral of Athens, January 28, 2007

Pius XII and the Holocaust Books, articles and research Papers published by the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights, 2007

Shylock After Auschwitz: The Merchant of Venice on the Post-Holocaust Stage—Subversion, Confrontation, and Provocation By Arthur Horowitz, Pomona College, Journal for Cultural and Religious Theory, Fall 2007

The Church Embraces All People Address of His Beatitude Christodoulos, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece at the Commemorative Event Organized by the Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece, 28 January 2007

Kristallnacht Memorial Service Address By Rabbi Freilich, 2007

The Catholic Context: The Churches' Response to Nazism By Donald Dietrich, Boston College, September 2006

Vatican II Revisited A review by Judith H. Banki of "Nostra Aetate" and "We Remember", February 2006

Holocaust/Shoah: Its Effects on Christian Theology and Life in Argentina and Latin America First Symposium of Christian Theology, Buenos Aires, May 17, 2006

Faith, Action and Inaction During the Holocaust By Suzanne Brown Fleming, 2006

The Bulgarian Orthodox Church and the Holocaust: Addressing Common Misconceptions By Pavel Stefanov, 2006

A Gendered Holocaust? The Experiences of "Jewish" Men and Women in Hungary, 1944 By Tim Cole, Ph.D., published previously in a book titled The Holocaust in Hungary: Sixty Years Later, 2006

The Missing: The Holocaust, the Church & Jewish Orphans By Michael R. Marrus in Commonweal, Jan 13, 2006

Revising Night: Elie Wiesel and the Hazards of Holocaust Theology By Peter Manseau in Cross Currents, Fall 2006

Kristallnacht Address By David K. Malcolm, Professor of Law and Lt-Governor of Western Australia, November 2006

Address at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum By Jean-Marie Cardinal Lustiger, Archbishop Emeritus of Paris, March 2006

The Churches and the Shoah By Pierbattista Pizzaballa, OFM, Custodian of the Holy Land, at Tel Aviv University, April 2006

Holocaust Denial and Professional History-Writing Thesis submitted to the College of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in the Department of History, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, by Robert Angove, September 2005

Jennie Lebl, Chronicler of the Holocaust in the Balkans Review article by Paul Mojzes, 2005

Sex, Rape, and Survival: Jewish Women and the Holocaust By Myrna Goldenberg Ph.D., 2005

David Bronstein, Hegel and the Holocaust By David Bronstein, University of Toronto, in Animus, 2005

Etty Hillesum: For God and With God By Alexandra Pleshoyano in The Way, 2005

Hegel and the Holocaust By David Bronstein, University of Toronto, in Animus, 2005

Sexualized Violence and Forced Prostitution in National Socialism By Brigitte Halbmyer, 2004

The Polish Jewish Woman from the Beginning of the Occupation to the Deportation to the Ghettos By Raquel Hodara. First published in Yad Vashem Studies, 2004

The Changing Lessons of the Holocaust By Jeremy D. Popkin in Judaism, Summer-Fall 2004

To Save a Life: Stories of Holocaust Rescue A previously unpublished book in which personal narratives and photographs reveal how certain individuals acting upon their own moral convictions--while endangering their own and their families' lives--saved the lives of Jewish people from Nazi-occupied Europe, 2004

The Ambassador & the Pope: Pius XII, Jacques Maritain & the Jews By Michael R. Marrus in Commonweal, Oct 22, 2004

The Other Warsaw Uprising: Why the World Has Forgotten By Justus George Lawler in Commonweal, Sept 24, 2004

Holocaust Denial: What It Is and Why Evangelical Scholars Must Categorically Reject It By Richard V. Pierard, Ph.D., Professor of History Emeritus, Indiana State University, in the on-line Global Journal of Classical Theology, 2004

Canonizing Pius XII: Why Did the Pope Help Nazis Escape? By Michael Phayer in Commonweal, May 9, 2003

America, the Holocaust, and The Abandonment of the Jews By Rafael Medoff in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Fall 2003

Nazism, Millenarianism, and the Jews By Thomas Idinopulos in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Summer 2003

The Politics and Poetics of Vatican Holocaust Discourse By Ariella Lang in Judaism, Summer-Fall 2003

American Catholic Responses to the Holocaust: An Exchange between David S. Wyman and Eugene J. Fisher Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Fall 2003

Speech of Hate: Women's Holocaust Memories By Karin Doerr, Ph.D., 2003

The Holocaust: What Was Not Said By Martin Rhonheimer in First Things, November 2003

The Holocaust: Does It Have Significance for Ethics Today By John T. Pawlikowski at the 33rd Annual Scholars' Conference on the Holocaust and the Churches, St. Joseph's University, Philadelphia, March 2, 2003

The Holocaust and the Catholic Church's Search for Forgiveness By James Bernauer at the Boisi Center For Religion and American Public Life, Boston College, October 2002

The Holocaust in Comparative & Historical Perspective By R. J. Rummel, Professor of Political Science, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2002

Christology after Auschwitz: A Catholic Perspective By Didier Pollefeyt, Faculty of Theology of the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, 2002

Holocaust Statements of Pope John Paul II, collected by the Anti-Defamation League, 2001

The Faithful in a Time of Trial: The Evangelical Understanding of the Holocaust By Yaakov Ariel, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2001

Nurses' Participation in the Euthanasia Programs of Nazi Germany By Susan Benedict, CRNA, DSN, FAAN, 2001

Christian Rescuers Talk by Stanlee I. Stahl, Executive Director, The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous, Mobile, Alabama, April 18, 2001

Pius XII and the Jews: The War Years, as Reported by the New York Times By Stephen M. DiGiovanni, H.E.D., in Catholic Social Science Review, 2001

Should the Holocaust Force Us to Rethink Our View of God and Evil? By John J. Johnson, Wilmingham, Delaware, in Tyndale Bulletin, 2001

The Hazards of Holocaust Theology By Peter Manseau in Killing the Buddha, April 2001

Christian Responses to the Holocaust By Dr. Philip Irving Mitchell, Director of the University Honors Program at Dallas Baptist University

Jewish Views of the Holocaust: Theology nach Auschwitz By Dr. Philip Irving Mitchell, Director of the University Honors Program at Dallas Baptist University

For the Sake of Sorrow: Christian Holocaust Theology and the Interpretation of the Resurrection Dissertation abstract. David Patrick Greene, Syracuse University, 2001

Powerlessness of God? A Critical Appraisal of Hans Jonas's Idea of God after Auschwitz By Hans Hermann Henrix, Director of the Catholic Academy of the Diocese of Aachen, Germany, 2001

A Survey of Jewish Reaction to the Vatican Statement on the Holocaust By Kevin Madigan in Cross Currents, Winter 2000

How Yehuda Bauer's Critique of Holocaust Thinking Has Changed My Mind By Thomas A. Idinopvlos in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Summer-Fall 2000

Speech of John Paul II at Yad Vashem During the Pope's March 2000 visit to Israel

The Possibility and Plausibility of Divine Abusiveness or Sadism as the Premise for a Religious Response to the Holocaust By Isabel Wollaston, University of Birmingham, 2000

Memories of History - Women and the Holocaust By Karin Doerr, Ph.D. in Shofar, Spring 2000

Women's Voices in Hungarian Holocaust Literature By Dr. Katalin Pécsi, 2000

Characterizing the Acts of Righteous Gentiles: A Matter of Duty or Supererogation? By Andrew Flescher, Brown University, in Journal of Religion and Society, 2000

The Saving of the Jews: The Case of Mother Maria (Scobtsova) By Grigori Benevitch, 2000

Documentation In SIDIC Periodical, 2000. Includes a report on and declaration by The Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust Conference on Education, Remembrance and Research

The Vatican and the Holocaust: A Preliminary Report Submitted to The Holy See's Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews and the International Jewish Committee for Interreligious Consultations by the International Catholic-Jewish Historical Commission, October 2000

Catholics and Jews Confront the Holocaust and Each Other By Eugene J. Fisher. A revised version of the 1999 John Courtney Murray Lecture

Annual Holocaust Conference Papers Papers delivered at Pennsylvania's Millersville University, 1996-1999

Not a Useable Past By Michael Nutkiewicz in Idea, a journal of social issues, September 1999. Discusses the relevance of the Holocaust for contemporary American society

A Most Unlikely Hero: A Fascist Who Saved Jews - Giorgio Prelasca By Gregory Conti in Commonweal, Dec 3, 1999

A Repenting Church: France & Germany Show The Way - Catholic Bishops In France And Germany Admit Error In Holocaust By Richard P. McBrien in Commonweal, Nov 19, 1999

The Holocaust and the Christians By Franklin H. Littell in Journal of Church and State, Autumn 1999

'Kristallnacht' Remembered: History and Communal Responsibility - Crimes Against Jews By Amitai Etzioni in Commonweal, Feb 12, 1999

The Holocaust as a Paradigm for Empathy By Irwin Zeplowitz, Rabbi at Temple Anshe Sholom in Hamilton, Ontario, in McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry, vol 2, 1999

Living Witnesses Inspire Education By Beth Porter, member of the L'Arche Daybreak community in Richmond Hill, Ontario, member of the Holocaust Remembrance Committee of Christian-Jewish Dialogue of Toronto, 1999

From Shame to Responsibility and Christian Identity: The Dynamics of Shame and Confession Regarding the 'Shoah.' By Henry F. Knight in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Winter 1998

Pius XII & the Jews: Further Research, Please By John Pawlikowski in Commonweal, July 17, 1998

Wartime Orthodox Jewish Thought about the Holocaust: Christian Implications By Gershon Greenberg in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Summer 1998

Pope Pius XI's "Encyclical" Humani Generis Unitas against Racism and Anti-Semitism and the "Silence" of Pope Pius XII By Frank J. Coppa in Journal of Church and State, Autumn 1998

Reflections on the Vatican's 'Reflection on the Shoah' By A. James Rudin in Cross Currents, Winter 1998

Reflections on the Vatican's 'Reflection on the Shoah.' - Roman Catholic document 'We Remember: A Reflection on the Shoah' By A. James Rudin, Cross Currents, Winter, 1998

The Role of the Churches: Compliance and Confrontation By Victoria J. Barnett in Dimensions, 1998

Cultural and Religious Life in the Warsaw Ghetto By Nehemia Polen, 1998

The Meanings and Lessons of the Warsaw Ghetto By Rabbi Daniel Landes, 1998

Declaration of the Catholic Bishops Conference of Slovakia on the Vatican Document on the Shoah 1998

Between Remembering and Forgetting: The Shoah in the Era of Cultural Amnesia By Johann Baptist Metz in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

God: The Foundational Ethical Question after the Holocaust By John T. Pawlikowski in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

Spirit and Flesh: Toward a Post-Shoah, Post-Modern Incarnational Ethic By James Bernauer in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

Auschwitz from a Nuremberg Perspective: Ethical Implications for Medicine By Etienne Lepicar in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

God between Mercy and Justice: Auschwitz as Challenge toward a “Kenotic” Notion of Reconciliation By Dirk Ansorge in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

The One Who Does Not Experience the Hidden Face (of God) Does Not Belong (to the People) By Benedetto Carucci Viterbi in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

Educational Imperatives after the Shoah By Arij A. Roest Crollius in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

The Banality of Good and Evil: Antisocial Behavior, Prosocial Behavior, and Jewish Religious Teaching By David R. Blumenthal in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

Good and Evil after Auschwitz in Papal Teaching By Rémi Hoeckman in SIDIC Periodical, 1998

A Critique of the Vatican Holocaust Document By Robert Anderson, Professor of Old Testament Studies at Ormond College, University of Melbourne, a minister of the Uniting Church and a Founding Chairman of the Council of Christians and Jews in Victoria, in Gesher, 1998

Excuse Instead of Confession of Guilt? A Statement by Gerhard Bodendorfer about the Vatican Document: "We remember: A Reflection on the Shoah", 1998

Christians and the Holocaust By Martin Gilbert in Common Ground, 1998

Wartime Orthodox Jewish Thought About the Holocaust: Christian Implications By Gershon Greenberg in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Summer-Fall 1998

The Relevance of Western Post-Holocaust Theology to the Thought and Practice of the Russian Orthodox Church By Sergii Hackel, Proceedings of the Second International Conference "Theology After Auschwitz and Its Correlation with Theology After the GULAG: Consequences and Conclusions," St. Petersburg, Russia, January 26-28, 1998

Towards an Anamnestic Culture: A Contribution to a Theology After Auschwitz and the Gulag Archipelago from a Political Theological Perspective By Jürgen Manemann in the Proceedings of the Second International Conference "Theology After Auschwitz and Its Correlation with Theology After the Gulag: Consequences and Conclusions". St. Petersburg, Russia. January 26-28, 1998

Kristallnacht Remembered By Leni Hoffman (Eckmann), 1998

A Polish Reaction to the Vatican Document on the Shoah By Tomasz Oljasz the Warsaw Voice, March 29, 1998

Night of the Broken Glass (Reichskristallnacht) By Fritz Voll, 1998

Night of the Broken Glass and the Kindertransport By Fritz Voll, 1998

Religious Values After the Holocaust: A Protestant View by Allan R. Brockway

For and Against the 'Righteous Gentiles.' - Non-Jewish Defenders of Jewish Lives during the Holocaust By Berel Lang in Judaism, Winter 1997

The Holocaust: Reflections of a Muslim By Sanaullah Kirmani in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Spring 1997

Holocaust Questions By David Weiss Halivni in Judaism, Fall 1997

Life in Places of Nazi Terror By Maria-Theresia Smith in The Way, 1997

Jewish Holocaust Theology By Norman Solomon in The Way, 1997

Christian Theology After the Holocaust By Kenneth Cracknell in The Way, 1997

Auschwitz: The Triumph of Evil in a Society without God By Remi Hoeckman in Tertium Millennium, 1997

The Holocaust Museum: Why Christians Should Go By Barbara Beckwith in St. Anthony Messenger, August 1996

Reflections on Repentance - How to Speak of Reconciliation after Auschwitz By Cardinal Carlo Maria Martini in SIDIC Periodical, 1996

Anti-Semitism, the Shoah and the Church By a study of a German-Catholic Working Group, 1996

Testimony, Narrative, and Nightmare: The Experiences of Jewish Women in the Holocaust By Myrna Goldenberg, Ph.D. This essay first appeared in "Active Voices - Women in Jewish Culture," 1995

Margit Slachta and the early rescue of Jewish families, 1939-42 By Jessica A. Sheetz, 1995

An Incomplete Confession: German Bishops Forgot Their Blessing on Hitler's Wars By Gordon Zahn in Commonweal, Dec 15, 1995

Saving Jews Was Her Passion; Serving Survivors Was Her Agony By Michael Phayer in Commonweal, August 18, 1995

Reflections on the Life and Thought of Etty Hillesum By Joseph Sievers in SIDIC Periodical, 1995

Suffering: Challenge to Faith, Challenge to God By Alice L. Eckardt, Professor Emerita of Religion Studies at Lehigh University, at the International Symposium on the Works of Elie Wiesel as a Challenge for Religion and Society Today sponsored by the Rottenburg-Stuttgart Academy, Federal Republic of Germany in May 1995

Judaism After the Holocaust By Rabbi Dow Marmur in his book, On Being a Jew: A Reform Perspective, 1994

Fruits of Anti-Semitism Cry Out to Visitors at Holocaust Memorial By Robert F. Drinan in National Catholic Reporter, April 30, 1993

The Challenge of Auschwitz Today By Stanislaw Krajewski in SIDIC Periodical, 1993

Judaisms and Memories: Systemic Representations of the Holocaust By Tzvee Zahavy, PhD

Theology after Auschwitz. A Provisional Program By Franz Mussner, 1990

Controversy Around the Auschwitz Convent By Waldemar Chrostowski. The Polish version of the text was published in the weekly Solidarnosc, Warsaw, September 29, l989

The Shoah and Contemporary Religious Thinking By Albert H. Friedlander in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

Mysterium Tremendum: Catholic Grapplings with the Holocaust and its Theological Implications By Eugene J. Fisher in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

Fiftieth Anniversary of KristallNacht: A Survivor's Testimony By Edith Bruck in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

Who is My Neighbour? By John Foster in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

Reports from around the World: The Shoah in Education and Commemorating the Shoah in Public Prayer By different authors in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

The Shoah in the School Curriculum By Mary Kelly in SIDIC Periodical, 1989

Yad La Yeled By s.n. in SIDIC Periodical, 1988

From the Night of the Pogrom to the Final Solution: Experiences and Lessons By Gerhart M. Riegner, 1988

Yom ha-Shoah and Christian Commemorations of the Holocaust By Marie-Noëlle De Baillehache in SIDIC Periodical, 1982

The Efect of the Holocaust on Christian Mission to Jews By Rolf Rendtorff in SIDIC Periodical, 1981

The Holocaust and the Duty to Forgive Stanley Hauerwas, October 3, 1980

Religious Faith after Auschwitz By Pesach Schindler in SIDIC Periodical, 1974

Christian Reflection on the Holocaust By Marcel Dubois in SIDIC Periodical, 1974

A Jew Looks at the Holocaust By Riccardo Di Segni in SIDIC Periodical, 1974

Holocaust Theology By Katharine T. Hargrove in SIDIC Periodical, 1974

Speaking of God after Auschwitz By Franklin Sherman, Associate for Interfaith Relations Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, in Speaking of God Today: Jews and Lutherans in Conversation, 1974

Letter to Pope Pius XII By Dr. Edith Stein, Instructor at the German Institute for Scientific Pedagogy, Münster in Westphalia, Collegium Marianum

What Makes the Holocaust Unique? From the Jewish Virtual Library


National Catholic Center for Holocaust Education The NCCHE has as its primary purpose the broad dissemination of scholarship on the root causes of antisemitism, its relation to the Holocaust and the implications from the Catholic perspective of both for today's world

The Holocaust: A Catholic English-Language Bibliography Prepared by Jerry Darring. Links are to abstracts of articles

Holocaust Links From the Alabama Gulf Coast Holocaust Library. Links cover: The Holocaust, Kristallnacht, Einsaztgruppen, The Final Solution, Camps, Ghettos, Women, Children, Hiding, Resistance, Medical Experiments, Death Marches, Trials, Rescuers, Survivors, Museums, Education, Photos and Art, Denial, Christianity, Perpetrators, Collaborators, Bystanders, The Holocaust in Different Countries, Holocaust Resources

Shoah I----- Shoah II----- Shoah III
Art by Ingrid Shafer prepared for Good Friday. Powerful Holocaust images

Some Observations on the Bruderhof, the Holocaust and Christianity Written by Charles Lamar

The Holocaust Essays and stories from

36 Questions About the Holocaust From The Simon Wiesenthal Center

Holocaust Timeline

The Holocaust History Project A free archive of documents, photographs, recordings, and essays regarding the Holocaust, including direct refutation of Holocaust-denial

Yom Hashoah - Holocaust Remembrance Day Official site of the State of Israel. Includes an historical overview of the Holocaust

Points of View Contains these Holocaust articles: Auschwitz 60 Years Later - Two Perspectives; Hitler's Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust by Daniel Jonah Goldhagen; The U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum: Why Christians should go by Barbara Beckwith; Auschwitz: 'It's Amazing That a Bird Can Sing Here' by Barbara Beckwith

A Prayer from the Warsaw Ghetto By the Hasidic rabbi Kalunimus Kalmish Shapiro (known as the Piaseczner Rebbe) in the Warsaw Ghetto in 1941 or 1942

The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous During the Holocaust thousands of non-Jews risked their lives to save Jews. The Jewish Foundation for the Righteous cares for 1,500 aged and needy Righteous Gentiles and educates future generations about their extraordinary acts of courage

Righteous Among the Nations From the Yad Vashem site

Righteous Among the Nations From The Simon Wiesenthal Center site

Personal Reflections Stories of individuals who survived the horrors of the holocaust. Their stories are told in the first person and reflect the range of experiences held by many survivors

Yad Vashem Established and instructed by Israeli Law in 1953, Yad Vashem commemorates the six million Jews and their communities wiped out in the Holocaust. Yad Vashem has the largest and the most comprehensive archive and information repositories on the Holocaust, housing more than 50 million pages of documents and hundreds of thousands of photographs and films. Over 75,000 titles and periodicals comprise the most significant library on Holocaust research in the world

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Guidelines for Teaching About the Holocaust Courtesy of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Holocaust Denial Links from the Jewish Virtual Library

Broken links? Suggestions?

Email webmaster Gerald Darring