Ecclesiology II
The Church as Institution

"The Church has a visible and social structure as a sign of her unity in Christ."

Vatican II:
Constitution on the Church in the Modern World


Code of Canon Law

Code of Canon Law IntraText version

Sacrae Disciplinae Leges Apostolic Constitution of Pope John Paul II promulgating the 1983 Code

Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts Profile of the Council. Will eventually contain council documents

Law in the Life of the Church Statement of the New Zealand bishops upon the released of the 1983 Code

Canon Law Society of America

Law for Freedom: Structures and Norms in the Church Forty Years after the Council By Ladislas Orsy, S.J., 2006

The Revised Code of Canon Law: Some Theological Issues By Thomas J. Green in Theological Studies, December 1986

Constitutions and Canon Law By Barbara L. Thomas in The Way, 1984

Temporal Administration in the New Code By Clarence Gallagher in The Way, 1984

Canon Law and Ecclesiology II By Clarence Gallagher in The Way, 1983

Canon Law and Ecclesiology I By Clarence Gallagher in The Way, 1982

Law in the Church: Theological Reflections By Ladislas Orsy in The Way, 1971

Church and Church Law By William H. Onclin in Theological Studies, December 1967

The Laity in Church Law By John J. Reed in Theological Studies, December 1963

Permission to Read Prohibited Books By John J. Reed in Theological Studies, December 1958

Notes on Canon Law By Adam C. Ellis in Theological Studies, March 1947

Double Vasectomy and Marital Impotence By Edward H. Nowlan in Theological Studies, September 1945

Arduum Sane Munus: A Retrospect By James E. Risk in Theological Studies, June 1944

The Convalidation of Non-Catholic Marriages By William E. Donnelly in Theological Studies, June 1942

Current Moral Theology and Canon Law By John C. Ford in Theological Studies, December 1941

Canon Law (Some Canonical Terms Dealing With Temporalities--Bona Temporalis) By Adam C. Ellis, SJ in Theological Studies, June 1940

Recent Canon Law and Moral Theology: Some Important Items By the editors of Theological Studies, December 1940

Canon Law Auguste Boudinhon, Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910

Code of Canons of Oriental Churches


The Parish See articles 26-27 of Pope John Paul II's 1988 Apostolic Exhortation "Christifideles Laici"

Called to Global Solidarity: International Challenges for U.S. Parishes 1997 document from the National Conference of Catholic Bishops

One with Christ A Pastoral Letter on Catholic Parish Life in New Hampshire, March 2004

Pastoral Letter on Parish Clustering for Advent Pastoral letter by Bishop Michael Malone of Maitland-Newcastle, Australia

Parishes Online Parishes Online Search Engine helps you quickly find web sites, Mass times and directory information on any parish or diocese in the US

Parish Mission Statements
St. John the Baptist Parish, Newburgh, IN
St. Mary of the Visitation Parish, Huntsville, AL

Parish Registry System The Parish Registry System (PRS) is a "heavy-duty" MS-Windows-based program designed to make parish record-keeping easier. It consists of six registers: Families, Groups, Planned Giving, Baptisms, Weddings and Other Lists, each of which can contain hundreds of thousands of records

Parish Social Justice A variety of resources to help parishes and individual Catholics learn more and do more in the arena of social justice

Parish ministry Articles from the magazine Salt of the Earth

Parish Pastoral Councils Courtesy of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia

Building Caring Communities: Whose task? By Rt Hon John Battle MP in Thinking Faith: The Online Journal of the English Jesuits, April 2009

Building a Healthy Congregational Culture in Today's Postmodern World By Peter T. Cha in Common Ground Journal, Fall 2008. Scroll down to page 21

Reflections upon Theological Reflection: How One Pastor Processed Ministry By Daryl Busby in Common Ground Journal, Fall 2008. Scroll down to page 62

The Modern Urban Parish: Challenges and Opportunities By Paul Monkerud in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Spring 2008

Renovating the Pastoral Office By Daryl Busby, in Common Ground Journal, Fall 2004

Spirituality and the Parish By Kevin T. Kelly in The Way, 2001

Priestless Parishes Are Only Beginning of Story By Tim Unsworth in National Catholic Reporter, April 15, 1994

For Average Christian, Parish Isn't True Home By Mitch Finley in National Catholic Reporter, May 7, 1993

Parish Ministry By Michael M. Winter in The Way, 1976

Formation in the Parish: Some Tentative Suggestions By Michael Hollings in The Way, 1974

What is a Parishioner? By Joseph H. Fichter in Theological Studies, June 1952


Catholic dioceses all around the world

Catholic Dioceses in the United States

US Catholic Dioceses From the US Catholic Conference web page

Vision Statement, Diocese of Ballarat, Australia

Mission Statement, Diocese of Boise, Idaho


Vatican II: Dogmatic Constitution on the Church See Chapter 3: The Hierarchical Structure of the Church, with Special Reference to the Episcopate

First Dogmatic Constitution on the Church of Christ Session 4 of Vatican I, dealing with the papacy and papal infallibility

You Are Peter: A Critical Analysis of the Orthodox View of Papal Primacy in View of an Alternative Way of Exercising Papal Primacy By Vitalis Mshanga in Journal of Ecumenical Studies, Winter 2010

Papal Transition By Thomas J. Reese, S.J. Updated April 5, 2010

Institutional Authority By Dr Andrew Thomas Kania, Director of Spirituality at Aquinas College, Manning, 2009

The Contextualization Debate: What About Leadership? By Marcus Dean in Common Ground Journal, Spring 2009. Scroll down to page 38

A Recent History of the Ordinary Universal Magisterium By Raymond W. Belair in American Theological Inquiry, 2008. Scroll down to page 70

Reforming the Vatican: What the Church Can Learn from Other Institutions By Thomas J. Reese in Commonweal, April 25, 2008

Pope Benedict and Peter's Proclamation By Gerald O'Collins SJ in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Winter 2008

Bishops and Structures of Accountability: An Ecclesiological Perspective By Susan K. Wood, S.C.L., Marquette University in CTSA Proceedings, 2007

Bishops and Structures of Accountability: An Ethical Perspective By Cynthia Crysdale, Catholic University of America in CTSA Proceedings, 2007

Bishops, Ministry, and the Unity of the Church in Ecumenical Dialogue: Deadlock, Breakthrough or Both? By Michael Root, Lutheran Theological Southern Seminary, Columbia, SC, in CTSA Proceedings, 2007

Bishops: Transmit Faithfulness to God's Primacy and Will By Pope Benedict XVI to the Brazilian bishops, 2007

Look to Tradition: The Case for Electing Bishops By Adam A.J. DeVille in Commonweal, March 23, 2007

A Papacy Communicated: Pope John Paul II By Gerard Kelly in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Spring 2006

The Political Significance of the Papacy, Historically and in the Present Period Anthony Mansueto, University of New Mexico-Gallup, in Journal of Religion and Society, 2005

Von Balthasar and the Office of Peter in the Church By John McDade in The Way, 2005

When Magisterium Becomes Imperium: Peter Damian on the Accountability of Bishops for Scandal By C. Colt Anderson in Theological Studies, December 2004

Information Deficit: Why the Church's Hierarchy Isn't Working By Andrew M. Greeley in Commonweal, March 12, 2004

Style or Substance: Does the Reputation of the Church Matter? By David McIlroy in Cambridge Papers, March 2004

Divine Grace and Human Nature as Sources for the Universal Magisterium of Bishops By Thomas F. O'Meara in Theological Studies, December 2003

Current Perspectives on Petrine Ministry and Papal Primacy By Denis Fortin, Andrews University, in Andrews University Seminary Studies, 2003

The Teaching Authority of Episcopal Conferences By Francis A. Sullivan in Theological Studies, September 2002

Walter Kasper on the Theology and the Praxis of the Bishop's Office By Kilian McDonnell in Theological Studies, December 2002

Bishops: Pastors or Agents of Globalization? By Fr. Francesco Pierli in African Scribe, 2001

The Ministry of the Bishop in Relation to the Blessed Trinity By Cardinal Francis George, O.M.I. in Catholic Dossier, May/June 2001

A Magisterium of Authority and Service By Theodore Davey in The Way, 2001

The Papacy for a Global Church By Avery Dulles, S.J. in America, 2000

Be Not Afraid: The Bishop as a Messenger of Hope By Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap., Archbishop of Denver, 1999

Papal Power By Paul Collins, Harper Collins, 1997

Universi Dominici Gregis Apostolic Constitution issued by Pope John Paul II on vacancy of the Holy See and the election of the pope, 1996

The Claims of the Primacy and the Costly Call to Unity Lecture at Oxford by retired Archbishop John R. Quinn of San Francisco. Responses by Cardinal O'Connor, Bishop James McHugh, and Archbishop Rembert Weakland, 1996

The Petrine Ministry in a Changing Church By Hermann J. Pottmeyer, 1996

Magisterium Exercises Authority in Christ's Name Pope John Paul II, Address to the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, November 24, 1995

Can Anything Good Come From Nazareth? On Some Dynamics of Hierarchy By Paschal Baute, 1995

If Bishops Represent Anyone It's Jesus, Not Pope By Richard McBrien in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 24, 1995

24 Popes, Some Good, in Years Leading Up to First Millennium By Joseph Gallagher in National Catholic Reporter, March 17, 1995

God-with-us Calls for New Type of Papacy: Church Now Viewed as Community of Equals By Bernard Cooke in National Catholic Reporter, March 10, 1995

Papal Pomp Contrasts with Simplicity of Jesus By Bernard Cooke in National Catholic Reporter, March 3, 1995

Renewal of Papacy Will Transform the Church By Bernard Cooke in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 24, 1995

Today's Sinners in Eyes of the Vatican May Very Well Be Tomorrow's Saints By Dawn Gibeau in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 3, 1995

The Bishop: Local Leader or Middle Man? By Andrew M. Greeley in National Catholic Reporter, Nov 11, 1994

'Secret' Criteria Set Bishops' Appointments By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 4, 1994

Medieval Papal Shenanigans Remind Us How Lucky We Are By Richard P. McBrien in National Catholic Reporter, Nov 4, 1994

Raised-Catholics Know What's What, What's Not - Papal Authority By Thomas E. Blackburn in National Catholic Reporter, August 26, 1994

The Church Once Looked Suspiciously Democratic By Andrew M. Greeley in National Catholic Reporter, August 26, 1994

The Vatican Takes over European Bishops: Secretariat Remade, Removed to Rome By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, March 5, 1993

The "Secondary Object" of Infallibility By Francis A. Sullivan in Theological Studies, September 1993

Ratzinger Comments on Changing Papacy By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 26, 1993

In the Service of Unity New Zealand bishops' pastoral letter on the role of the pope in the Church, 1991

The Selection of Bishops Chapter One of Archbishop: Inside the Power Structure of the Catholic Church, by Thomas Reese, S.J., HarperCollins Publishers, 1989

Archbishop: Inside the Power Structure of the American Catholic Church Book by Thomas J. Reese, S.J., 1989

The Church: Learning and Teaching By Ladislas Írsy, SJ, Michael Glazier, 1987

Papal Primacy By Rev. Emmanuel Clapsis of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, in Orthodoxy in Conversation, 2000. First printed in the Greek Orthodox Theological Review, 1987

Unity, Plurality, and the Papacy By Hans Urs von Balthasar. From the Introduction to The Office of Peter and the Structure of the Church, 1986

Papal Primacy in Contemporary Roman Catholic Theology By John P. Galvin in Theological Studies, December 1986

Collegiality: An Essay toward Better Understanding By Charles M. Murphy in Theological Studies, March 1985

Episcopal Collegiality and Papal Primacy in the Pre-Vatican I American Church By Paul K. Hennessy in Theological Studies, June 1983

The Papacy III By Edward Yarnold in The Way, 1980

Episkope and Episkopos: The New Testament Evidence By Raymond E. Brown in Theological Studies, June 1980

God's Appointment: Finding the Right Pope By Peter Hebblethwaite in The Way, 1979

The Papacy I By Edward Yarnold in The Way, 1979

The Papacy II By Edward Yarnold in The Way, 1979

The Jurisdiction of the Bishop of Rome By J. M. R. Tillard in Theological Studies, March 1979

Leadership: Secular Gift Transformed by Revelation By Carroll Stuhlmueller in Women Priest, Paulist Press 1977

Episcopal Elections in Cyprian: Clerical and Lay Participation By Patrick Granfield in Theological Studies, March 1976

Episcopacy and Apostolic Succession according to Hincmar of Reims By George H. Tavard in Theological Studies, December 1973

Sacerdotium et Imperium: The Constantinian Renovatio According to the Greek Fathers By Michael Azkoul in Theological Studies, September 1971

Bishops, Presbyters, and Priest in Ignatius of Antioch By James F. McCue in Theological Studies, December 1967

The New Testament Basis for the Concept of Collegiality By David M. Stanley in Theological Studies, June 1964

The Typology of Episcopal Consecration By Joseph H. Crehan in Theological Studies, June 1960

St. Irenaeus and the Roman Primacy By Dominic J. Unger in Theological Studies, September 1952

Some Limits and Causes of the Centralization of the Church By E. A. Ryan in Theological Studies, December 1950

Little-known Testimonies to Peter's Primacy By Alfred C. Rush in Theological Studies, December 1950

A Synthesis of The Diocesan Faculties in the United States By J. Donald Clark and Joseph M. Snee in Theological Studies, September 1948

History and the Hierarchy By William J. McGarry in Theological Studies, September 1940

The Pope George Joyce, The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911

Ubi Primum (On The Duties Of Bishops) By Pope Benedict XIV, 1740

On the Primacy of the Pope Boniface VIII: Unam Sanctam, 1302

History and Art in the coats of arms of the Popes Lots of history, art and architecture from an Italian enthusiast

College of Cardinals Articles explaining the role of Cardinals & Bishops in the Catholic Church, as well as a complete up-to-date listing of all the currently living Cardinals

Pope Benedict XVI This is the Vatican website where you can find the pope's biography as well as his major papal documents

The Complete List of Popes A listing of all the popes with information on each one

Conferences of Bishops Theology Library links

The Vatican Theology Library links


Vatican II: Decree on the Eastern Catholic Churches

Pope John Paul II: Orientale Lumen Apostolic Letter to the Eastern Churches, 2 May 1995

Pope Pius XII: On the Reunion of the Ruthenian Church with Rome Promulgated on December 23, 1945

Pope Pius IX: On the Care of the Churches Encyclical of 8 Apr 1862. Pius, writing to the Eastern Bishops, speaks on papal authority, while reassuring them that Rome has no intention of forcing the Latin Rite on the Oriental. Churches

Eastern Catholic Churches in the U.S.

The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, Eastern Byzantine Rite

Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

The Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Passaic

East Syrian Rite Also known as the Chaldean, Assyrian, or Persian Rite. An article from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia

Conciliarism By John Challenor on "Catholics for a Changing Church"

Niche Congregations and the Problem of Institutional Isomorphism: A Study of the Church as Institution By Matthew Mardis in Quodlibet Online Journal of Christian Theology and Philosophy, July 2003

So What If You're Eastern Maronite Catholic? By Margaret Ghosn MSHF in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Spring 2009

Broken links? Suggestions?

Email webmaster Gerald Darring