The Gospel According to Mark



Introduction to the Gospel of Mark From the New American Bible

Mark From the NIV Bible: author, John Mark in the NT, date of composition, place of origin, recipientsoccasion and purpose, emphases, special characteristics, and outline

Introduction to Mark By Henry Wansbrough OSB, Oxford University Faculty of Theology, 2006

Materials by Prof. Felix Just, S.J.
  • The Gospel according to Mark
  • Section-by-Section Structural Outlines
  • Literary Features and Thematic Emphases
  • People, Places, Terms, and Titles in Mark's Gospel

    The Gospel of Mark Podcast of presentation by Dr. Laura Weber, 2012

    Saint Mark the Pastor By Peter Edmonds SJ in Thinking Faith: The Online Journal of the English Jesuits, April 2010

    'A House of Prayer for all the Nations': Jesus's Temple Saying, Mark's Gospel, and the Jewish War By Chris Seeman, University of Missouri-Columbia, in The Journal of the Orthodox Center for the Advancement of Biblical Studies, 2009

    The Pentateuch: The Hypotext of Mark 1:1-4:34 By Michael J. Reimer in McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry, vol 7, 2006

    Reading the Gospel of Mark in the Shadow of the Cross By Megan McKenna in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2006

    Health and Illness in Mark's Gospel: Physical or Spiritual? By Martin Borg in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Winter 2006

    The Coming of the Son of Man in Mark's Gospel By Edward Adams, King's College, London, in Tyndale Bulletin, 2005

    Is Our Reading the Bible the Same as the Original Audience's Hearing It? A Case Study in the Gospel of Mark By Robert H Stein in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, Mar 2003

    The Rhetoric of the Characterization of Jesus as the Son of Man and Christ in Mark By Paul Danove in Biblica, 2003

    Mark's Passion Narrative: A story of Abuse and Failed Intimacy By Michael Trainor in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Autumn 2003

    Is Mark's Gospel an Apology for the Cross? By Joel F. Williams in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2002

    A Rejoinder to Joel F. Williams's 'Is Mark's Gospel an Apology for the Cross?' By Robert H. Gundry in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2002

    Maze and Amazement in Mark's Gospel By William R. Telford in The Way, 2001

    Mark's Language of Religious Conflict as Rhetorical Device By Larry Perkins in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2001

    Mark's Incipit and the Priene Calendar Inscription: From Jewish Gospel to Greco-Roman Gospel By Craig A. Evans in Journal of Greco-Roman Christianity and Judaism, 2000

    Exploring the Synoptic Gospels: Mark and His Careful Readers By Steve Mueller in Scripture from Scratch 2000

    The "Son of Man" Passages in Mark By Gordon D. Kirchhevel in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1999

    Questions, Chreai, and Challenges to Honor. The Interface of Rhetoric and Culture in Mark's Gospel By Jerome H. Neyrey, S.J. in Catholic Biblical Quarterly, 1998

    Jesus' Defeat of Death and Mark's Early Readers By Peter Geoffrey Bolt in Tyndale Bulletin, 1998

    Greco-Roman Textuality and the Gospel of Mark: A Critical Assessment of Werner Kelber's The Oral and the Written Gospel By L. W. Hurtado in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1997

    Tutorial essays by Henry Wansbrough, OSB, Oxford University Faculty of Theology, 1996
    Form-Criticism in Mark - Mark and the Disciples - Mark's View of Jesus - The Messianic Secret in Mark - The Parables in Mark

    Mark's Use of the Gospel of Thomas, Part I By Stevan L. Davies in Neotestamentica: The Journal of the New Testament Society of South Africa, 1996

    The Intertexture of Apocalyptic Discourse in the Gospel of Mark By Vernon K. Robbins in The Four Gospels, 1992

    The Jewish War and the Sitz im Leben of Mark By Joel Marcus in Journal of Biblical Literature, Fall 1992

    The Heavenly Veil Torn: Mark's Cosmic 'Inclusio' By David Ulansey in Journal of Biblical Literature, 1991

    The Women of the Gospel of Mark and Contemporary Women's Spirituality By Mitzi Minor in Spirituality Today, 1991

    A Gentile Woman's Story By Sharon H. Ringe in Feminist Interpretation of Scripture, 1985

    Stages of Faith and the Gospel of Mark By James V. Zeitz in Spirituality Today, 1984

    The Messianic Secret in Mark By J. D. G. Dunn, B.D., Ph.D., Chaplain to Overseas Students, International Centre, University of Edinburgh, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1970

    The Gospel of Mark Chapter 8 of A Historical Introduction to the New Testament by Robert M. Grant, 1963

    The Gospel of Mark Chapter 7 of An Introduction to the New Testament by Richard Heard, 1950

    The Earliest Gospel Book by Frederick C. Grant, Professor Emeritus of Biblical Theology at Union Theological Seminary, New York, and President of Seabury-Western Theological Seminary, 1943

    Gospel of Saint Mark By Joseph MacRory, The Catholic Encyclopedia, 1910

    The Purpose of Mark's Gospel By Benjamin Wisner Bacon in Journal of Biblical Literature, 1910

    The Gospel of Mark By Barry D. Smith of Atlantic Baptist Unniversity

    Notes on Mark Part of James Tabor 's "Jewish-Roman World of Jesus" web site

    Examples of Socio-Rhetorical Interpretation in Mark Pages created and maintained by David Charnon

    Mark's Use of the Gospel of Thomas, Part II By Stevan L. Davies in Neotestamentica: The Journal of the New Testament Society of South Africa

    A Perspective on the Distinctiveness of Mark's Gospel By Rev. John W. (Jack) Carter

    Mark's Transformation of John's Gnostic Feet By Dr. Markus Locker, Assistant Prof. for New Testament at Loyola School of Theology, Quezon City, Philippines

    Phenomenology and the Synoptics: What About Mark? By Laura Ann Sherfey, Master of Divinity Student with Oral Roberts University

    The Gospel of Mark and Judaism By Robert McFarlane, minister at St. David's Uniting Church, Lindfield, Australia

    Mark 1-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 1 Chapter 1 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 1 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 1:1-8 John the Baptist preaches
    Mark 1:9-13 Jesus baptized by John
    Mark 1:14-20 Jesus preaches gospel
    Mark 1:21-28 Jesus' fame spreads
    Mark 1:29-39 Jesus healed many
    Mark 1:40-45 Jesus heals a leper

    A Markan Epiphany: Lessons from Mark 1 By Donald H. Juel and Patrick R. Keifert, Luther Northwestern Theological Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, in Word & World, 1988

    Mark's Provocative Use of Scripture in Narration: 'He Was with the Wild Animals and Angels Ministered' By A. B. Caneday, Northwestern College, Saint Paul, Minnesota, in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1999

    He That Cometh in Mark 1:7 and Matt 24:30 By Gordon D. Kirchhevel in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1994

    Jesus' Philosophy of Ministry: A Study of a Figure of Speech in Mark 1:38 By Dennis O. Wretlind in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1977

    Mark 2-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 2 Chapter 2 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 2 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 2:1-12
    Mark 2:13-17 Jesus with tax collectors
    Mark 2:18-22 new wine & old wine skins
    Mark 2:23-28 Lord of the sabbath

    Translating paralutikoj in Mark 2:1-12: A Proposal By Dwight N. Peterson, Eastern University, in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2006

    Mark 3-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 3 Chapter 3 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 3 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 3:1-6 a withered hand restored
    Mark 3:7-12 "You are the Son of God"
    Mark 3:13-19 Jesus appoints the Twelve
    Mark 3:20-21 Jesus' family upset
    Mark 3:22-30 divided realm cannot stand
    Mark 3:31-35 true spiritual kinship

    An Exegetical-Theological Consideration of the Hardening of the Jewish Religious Leaders' Hearts in Mark 3:1-6 By Sug-Ho Lee, University of Pretoria, in Verbum et Ecclesia, 2006

    Mark 4-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 4 Chapter 4 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 4 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 4:1-20 parable of the sower
    Mark 4:21-25 parable of the lamp
    Mark 4:26-34 parable of mustard seed
    Mark 4:35-41 wind & sea obey Jesus

    A Hermeneutics of Hearing Informed by the Parables with Special Reference to Mark 4 By Klyne Snodgrass in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2004

    The Synoptic Problem Revisited: Some New Suggestions about the Composition of Mark 4:1-34 By David Wenham, M.A., Ph.D., Secretary, the Theological Students' Fellowship, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1972

    Mark 5-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 5 Chapter 5 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 5 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 5:1-20 Jesus frees possessed man
    Mark 5:21-43 Jesus raises dead girl

    The Gerasene Demoniac: A Disability Support Worker's Commentary By Timothy Smith in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Winter 2010

    Plundering Satan's House: Mark 5:1-20 By Donald H. Juel, Princeton Theological Seminary, in Word & World, 1997

    Mark 6-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 6 Chapter 6 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 6 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 6:1-6 without honor at home
    Mark 6:7-13 Twelve sent out
    Mark 6:14-29 Herod kills the Baptist
    Mark 6:30-34 sheep without shepherd
    Mark 6:35-44 Jesus feeds 5000
    Mark 6:45-52 Jesus walks on sea
    Mark 6:53-56 Jesus heals everywhere

    Femme Fatale Redux: Intertextual Connection to the Elijah/Jezebel Narratives in Mark 6:14-29 By David M. Hoffeditz and Gary E. Yates in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2005

    Mark 7-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 7 Chapter 7 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 7 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 7:1-13 clean and unclean
    Mark 7:14-23 God's law & men's rules
    Mark 7:24-30 Jesus delivers at Tyre
    Mark 7:31-37 Jesus heals at Sidon

    Mark 7:1-23 and the Historical Jesus By William Loader, Colloquium, The Australia and New Zealand Theological Review, 1998

    A Symbolic Approach to Mark 7 By Jerome H. Neyrey, S.J. in Forum, 1988

    Jesus heals the daughter of a foreigner (Mc 7,24-30) From the archives of the Diocese Partenia

    Moral Agency at the Borders: Rereading the Story of the Syrophoenician Woman By Jane E. Hicks, assistant professor of Christian ethics, Augustana College, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    The Dynamic of Humility and Wisdom: The Syrophoenician Woman and Jesus in Mark 7:24-30 By Christopher Alt in Lumen et Vita, the graduate academic journal of the Boston College School of Theology and Ministry, 2012

    Mark 8-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 8 Chapter 8 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 8 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 8:1-10 Jesus feeds 4000
    Mark 8:11-13 Pharisees argue with Jesus
    Mark 8:14-21 true bread
    Mark 8:22-26 Jesus heals blind man
    Mark 8:27-33 Jesus professed as Christ
    Mark 8:34-9:1 cost of discipleship

    Word Biblical Commentary 34B: Mark 8:27-16:20 By Craig A. Evans in The Bible and Interpretation

    The Portrayal of the Hardening of the Disciples' Hearts in Mark 8:14-21 By Sug-Ho Lee, New Testament Department, Korean Bible University, South Korea, and Jan G. Van der Watt, Radboud University, The Netherlands, in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2009

    Taking Up the Cross (Mark 8:31) By William Willimon

    Denying Self, Bearing a Cross, and Following Jesus: Unpacking the Imperatives of Mark 8:34 By Matthew L. Skinner, assistant professor of New Testament at Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, in Word & World, Summer 2003

    Mark 9-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 9 Chapter 9 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 9 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 9:2-13 Jesus' transfiguration
    Mark 9:14-29 Jesus frees possed boy
    Mark 9:30-37 Jesus predicts crucifixion
    Mark 9:38-41 tolerance versus envy
    Mark 9:42-50 causing sin and scandal

    Who Will See "The Kingdom of God Coming with Power" in Mark 9,1 -- Protagonists or Antagonists? By Thomas R. Hatina in Biblica, 2005

    A Note on 'Elijah with Moses' in Mark 9,4 By J.P. Heil in Biblica, 1999

    The Transfiguration, Cosmic Symbolism, and the Transformation of Consciousness in the Gospel of Mark By David Ulansey at the 1996 meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature

    Is the Transfiguration (Mark 9:2-8) a Misplaced Resurrection-Account By Robert H. Stein in Journal of Biblical Literature, March 1976

    Mark 10-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 10 Chapter 10 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 10 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 10:1-12 marriage and divorce
    Mark 10:13-16 Jesus blesses children
    Mark 10:17-27 rich young man meets Jesus
    Mark 10:28-31 receive a hundredfold
    Mark 10:32-45 crucifixion predicted again
    Mark 10:46-52 Jesus heals blind beggar

    Experiencing the Kingdom as a Little Child: A Rereading of Mark 10:13-16 By James L. Bailey, Wartburg Theological Seminary, Dubuque, Iowa, in Word & World, Winter 1995

    Jesus' Leadership Interpretation Through the Exegesis of Mark 10:17-22 By Daryl D. Green, Regent University, 2005

      The Call of Blind Bartimaeus (Mark 10:46-52) By Maarten J.J. Menken, Catholic Theological University, Utrecht (The Netherlands), in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2005

    Marriage and Divorce in the Gospel according to Mark (Chapter 10:1-12) By Eugene LaVerdiere in The Way, 1994

    Mark 11-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 11 Chapter 11 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 11 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 11:1-10 Jesus enters Jerusalem
    Mark 11:11-26 cursed figs & temple
    Mark 11:27-35 Jesus' authority challenged

    Palin: The Ass Again (Mark 11.3d) By J. Duncan M. Derrett, Filologia Neotestamentaria, 2001

    Mark 12-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 12 Chapter 12 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 12 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 12:1-12 parable of the vineyard
    Mark 12:13-17 question of the taxes
    Mark 12:18-27 question of the resurrection
    Mark 12:28-34 first commandment
    Mark 12:35-37 Christ is the son of David
    Mark 12:38-44 wrong kind of religion

    Isa 5:1-7 LXX and Mark 12:1, 9, Again By John S. Kloppenborg, Novum Testamentum, 2004

    Self-Help or Deus ex Machina in Mark 12.9 By John S. Kloppenborg, New Testament Studies, 2004

    The Use of Isaiah 5,1-7 in the Parable of the Tenants (Mark 12,1-12; Matthew 21,33-46) By W. J. C. Weren, Biblica, 1998

    The Tenants in the Vineyard (GThom 65/Mark 12:1-12): A Realistic and Social-Scientific Reading By Ernest van Eck in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2007

    What Were the Sadducees Reading? An Enquiry into the Literary Background of Mark 12:18-23 By Peter G. Bolt, King's College, London, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1994

    Mark 13-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 13 Chapter 13 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 13 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 13:1-13 things to come
    Mark 13:14-32 Jesus' second coming
    Mark 13:33-37 watch for Lord's return

    Rhetorical Ritual: Apocalyptic Discourse in Mark 13 By Vernon K. Robbins, Emory University and University of Stellenbosch, in Vision and Persuasion: Rhetorical Dimensions of Apocalyptic Discourse, 1999

    Procedural Register in the Olivet Discourse: A Functional Linguistic Approach to Mark 13 By Gustavo Martin in Biblica, 2009

    Historical Crisis and Cosmic Crisis in Mark 13 and Lucan's Civil War By Edward Adams, Lecturer, King's College London, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1997

    "Let the Reader Understand": A Contextual Interpretation of Mark 13:14 By Larry Perkins, Graduate School of Theological Studies, Trinity Western University, in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 2006

    The Focus of Mark 13:24-27--The Parousia, or the Destruction of the Temple? By Thomas R. Hatina in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1996

    Mark 14-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 14 Chapter 14 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 14 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 14:1-11 extravagant love
    Mark 14:12-21 passover preparation
    Mark 14:22-25 Jesus' last supper
    Mark 14:26-42 agony in the garden
    Mark 14:43-52 Jesus' arrest
    Mark 14:53-72 Jesus' trial & Peter's denial

    Fidelity and Betrayal: The Passion Begins Commentary on Mark 14:1-11 by Donald Senior, C.P.

    The Final Passover Commentary on Mark 14:12-31 by Donald Senior, C.P.

    The Date of the Passover Sacrifices and Mark 14:12 By Maurice Casey, Reader in Early Jewish and Christian Studies, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, England, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1997

    Gethsemane: Prayer and Arrest Commentary on Mark 14:32-52 by Donald Senior, C.P.

    Bread for the Broken: Pragmatic Meaning of Mark 14:22-25 By George Ossom-Batsa, Department for the Study of Religions, University of Ghana, Legon. Ghana

    The Naked Young Man: a Historian's Hypothesis on Mark 14,51-52 By Michael J. Haren in Biblica, 1998

    Confession and Denial: the Interrogation by the Sanhedrin Commentary on Mark 14:53-72 by Donald Senior, C.P.

    Reading with Your Soul: A Cross Cultural Reading of Mark 14:26-16:8 and John 8:1-11 By John M. Prior, SVD in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2009

    Making the Best of Jesus: IOUDAIAI and POIESIS By Marianne Sawicki

    Mark 15-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 15 Chapter 15 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 15 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 15:1-20 Jesus before Pilate
    Mark 15:21-32 Jesus crucified
    Mark 15:33-41 Jesus' death
    Mark 15:42-47 Jesus' burial

    The Roman Trial Commentary on Mark 15:1-12 by Donald Senior, C.P.

    'It Was Out of Envy That They Handed Jesus Over' (Mark 15:10): The Anatomy of Envy and the Gospel of Mark By Jerome H. Neyrey, S.J. in Journal for the Study of the New Testament, 1998

    Crucifixion Commentary on Mark 15:21-47 Donald Senior, C.P.

    The Anarthrous ui(o\j qeou= in Mark 15,39 and the Roman Imperial Cult By Tae Hun Kim in Biblica, 1998

    Mark 15,39 and the So-Called Confession of the Roman Centurion By Earl S. Johnson, Jr. in Biblica, 2000

    Challenge-riposte in Mark 15 From V. K. Robbins, Exploring the Texture of Texts, 1996

    Patron-client contract in Mark 15:1-16:8 From V. K. Robbins, Exploring the Texture of Texts, 1996

    Fantasy and Myth in the Death of Jesus By George Aichele in CrossCurrents, 1994

    Death with Honor: The Mediterranean Style Death of Jesus in Mark By John J. Pilch, Biblical Theology Bulletin, 1995

    The Reversed Contextualization of Psalm 22 in the Markan Crucifixion: A Socio-Rhetorical Analysis By Vernon K. Robbins, in The Four Gospels: A Festschrift in Honour of Frans Neirynck, 1992

    The Heavenly Veil Torn: Mark's Cosmic "Inclusio" By David Ulansey, Journal of Biblical Literature, Spring 1991

    Cry of Dereliction or Cry of Judgment? Mark 15:34 in Context By Thomas E. Schmidt in Bulletin for Biblical Research, 1994

    Mark 16-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Catena Aurea Mark 16 Chapter 16 verse-by-verse text plus commentary by Church Fathers

    Commentary on Mark, Chapter 16 By Jeanie C. Crain, Missouri Western State College, The Gospel of Mark: A Study Based on the Old Testament

    Texts and meditations by Don Schwager:
    Mark 16:1-13 empty tomb & resurrection
    Mark 16:14-20 Jesus' great commision


    Mark 16:1-8: The Empty Tomb of a Hero? By Peter G. Bolt, King's College, London, in Tyndale Bulletin, 1996

    Mark's Account (Mk 16:1-8) By Megan McKenna in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2004

    The Promise and the Failure: Mark 16:7,8 By Andrew T. Lincoln in Journal of Biblical Literature, Summer 1989

    Women Transformed: The Ending of Mark Is The Beginning of Wisdom By Marie Sabin in CrossCurrents, 1998

    Mark's Enigmatic Ending By John Dart in The Christian Century, April 18, 2006



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