Resources for the Study of
Native Americans

"All of us need to examine our own perceptions of Native Americans--how much they are shaped by stereotypes, distorted media portrayals or ignorance. We fear that prejudice and insensitivity toward Native peoples is deeply rooted in our culture and in our local churches."
US Bishops: A Time for Remembering



Statement of the U.S. Catholic Bishops on American Indians May 4, 1977. A summary and paraphrase by Gerald Darring

Religious Orders, The Indian, And The Conquest: Fifty Years of Dispute and Contradiction By Maria Paz Haro, in Encounters, Issue 9.

Listening to Native Americans: Making Peace with the Past for the Future By John Barry Ryan, Professor of Religious Studies and a member of the Peace Studies faculty at Manhattan College.

Religious Freedom and Native Americans By John Dart in Theology Today, 1981

American Indian Religious Freedom Act Enacted by 95th Congress, August 11, 1978.

American Indian Religious Freedom Act: Amendments of 1994

Rome and Her Indians By Jenny Franchot. Chapter 4 of her book, Roads to Rome: The Antebellum Protestant Encounter with Catholicism, University of California Press, 1994

Native Americans and the Land: “The End of Living, and the Beginning of Survival” By George E. Tinker, Iliff School of Theology, Denver, in Word & World, 1986

Relinquishing a Legacy of Hatred, Embracing Respect For All Life Conversations with Dino Butler. Interview conducted by E. K. Caldwell.

Five Hundred Years of Injustice: The Legacy of Fifteenth Century Religious Practices By Steven T. Newcomb, Director of the Indigenous Law Insitute

New Studies by Native American Scholar Document the Role of Christianity in Historic Oppression By Fred Whitehead

President Clinton's Executive Order on Indian Sacred Sites

Wallace Black Elk Speaks An Interview with a Lakota Elder which appeared in the May 1994 issue of M.E.N. Magazine

Native American Spirituality From the Religious Tolerance website

Native Religions in Newfoundland and Labrador

First Nations Spirituality

Declaration of War Against Exploiters of Lakota Spirituality Statement adopted by various Lakota/Dakota/Nakota organizations concerning the misappropriate of Lakota Traditional Practices

"Why I Am a Pagan." By Zitkala-Sa. Atlantic Monthly, 1902

The Soul of the Indian Complete text of the 1911 book by Charles Alexander Eastman (Ohiyesa)

Columbus: A Moral Retrospective Article from Issues in Ethics, a publication of the Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University

First Nations Histories Short histories of some 40 tribes

The Covert War Against Native Americans By Ward Churchill

Spanish Conquest of Native America Spanish Conquistadores traveled from Florida to Chicago to Texas in the 1540's. They were the first Europeans to record inland America. Conquest Records describe Indians living at places which are cities today. This site presents those records and describes Native America

DeSoto's Midwestern Conquest Trails Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi

Colonialism As Seen From A Former Colonized Area

Accounts of the "Cherokee Trail of Tears" By Elizabeth Mulligan. "This is an interview of some of my cousins by a reporter for the St. Louis Post Dispatch, at a dedication ceremony of a monument to one of those lost on the Trail Of Tears."

Social Equity & Environmental Justice The challenges facing the native peoples of Alaska, Canada, and Russia

A Natural Way of Life A statement from Bobby C. Billie, a spiritual leader of traditional independent indigenous people in Florida. Transcribed exactly as spoken on August 30, 1994

"The Only Good Indian is a Dead Indian" Abuot the history and origins behind the famous saying the only good indian is a dead indian

Native Americans Bear the Nuclear Burden By Andreas Knudsen. Reprinted from Indigenous Affairs, January/February/March 1996

The Sacred Use of Tobacco

"I" is NOT for Indians : The Portrayal of Native Americans in Books for Young People

Indian Women Testimony from foreign travellers between 1820 and 1842 about the conditions of Native American women

Articles on Indians in the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia

The Sky is Closed for California: Reading Jesuit Sources for the "Other": Accommodation, Resistance and the Decline of Native Peoples in Eighteenth Century Baja Article by Alison Field in Ex Post Facto

Indigenous Americans: Spirituality and Ecos By Jack D. Forbes in Daedalus, Fall 2001

Native American Spirituality From GreenSpirit

Religion From the Encyclopedia of North American Indians

Selling American Indian Spirituality: "Cheating Us, Cheating Them" Guest Commentary by Pte Cante Winyan (Buffalo Heart Women), South Dakota

Spiritual Commodification and Misappropriation: What Native People Want You To Understand Compiled by Mariah Jones

A Brief History of the Native American Church By Jay Fikes. From One Nation Under God, 1996, by Huston Smith

Joseph Chihoatenhwa: The Forgotten Martyr

Brebeuf's Instructions to the Missionaries In 1637, Father Jean de Brebeuf drew up a list of instructions for Jesuit missionaries destined to work among the Huron. These reflect his own experience and a genuine sensitivity toward our people

1663-1702: The Missions - The Brandy Question Chapter 21 of The Old Regime in Canada by Francis Parkman

Mission Method and the American Indian By Carl F. Starkloff in Theological Studies, December 1977

Native Americanism By H.J. Desmond. Scroll to page 747. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 27, From January to October, 1902

Government Secularization of the Education of Catholic Indian Youth By Richard R. Elliott. Scroll to page 148. The American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 25, From January to October, 1900





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