The Ordination of Women


CDF: Inter Insignores (1976) Declaration on the question of the admission of women to the ministerial priesthood.

On Reserving the Priesthood to Men Alone John Paul II: Ordinatio Sacerdotalis, 1994

Responsum ad Dubium Cardinal Ratzinger's letter of 28 October 1995

Concerning the CDF Reply Cardinal Ratzinger's letter of 7 December 1995



Is Our Institutional Church Unjust? By Emmy Silvius in Catholica, January 2011

Women's Ordination and Other Crimes of Passion By Andrew Hamilton in Eureka Street, August 5, 2010

Why Not? Scripture, History & Women's Ordination By Robert J. Egan in Commonweal, April 11, 2008

Women & the Priesthood By Sara Butler and Robert J. Egan in Commonweal, July 18, 2008

Women Bishops? Views in the Roman Catholic Church, Official and Otherwise By John Wijngaards in Women as Bishops, Continuum, 2008

Is the Roman Catholic Prohibition of Female Priests Sexist? By Michael J. Maher, Loyola University Chicago; Linda M. Sever, Loyola University Chicago; Shaun Pichler, Michigan State University. How Catholic College Students Think about Women's Ordination and Sexism. Journal of Religion & Society, 2007

Women leaders and the Catholic Church? By John Wijngaards, published by Catholics for a Changing Church, London, 2007

Order of Creation/Order of Redemption: The Ordination of Women in the Orthodox Church By Michael Azkoul, Orthodox Research Institute, 2007

Women Bishops: A Response to Cardinal Kasper By Tom Wright, Bishop of Durham, and David Stancliffe, Bishop of Salisbury, in Fulchrum, 2006

Will Women Ever Govern the Roman Catholic Church? By John Wijngaards in the Geneva Post Quarterly, November 2006

We Are Church--A Kingdom of Priests By Elisabeth Schussler Fiorenza, July 2006

Different Voices /Different Choices: Feminist Perspectives on Ministry By Mary E. Hunt, July 2005

Women and the Priesthood: A Theological Reflection By Jean Galot, S.J., from his book Theology of the Priesthood, 2005

"Can Women Become Priests?": A Catholic Feminist Perspective By Susan A. Ross in The Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies, 2005

Justice and Gender in Ministry: Debating Women's Ordination By Maura A. Ryan in The Journal of Hindu-Christian Studies, 2005

The Liturgical Functions of Consecrated Women in the Byzantine Church By Valerie A. Karras in Theological Studies, March 2005

Catholic Women Ordained Priests - alternatives By Marcel Vincent OP in les réseaux des Parvis, June 2003

The Ordination of Women: Seeking a New Approach By Mary Grey at the Annual General Assembly of Catholic Women's Ordination, London, May 2002

The Scriptural Argument in Ordinatio Sacerdotalis By Reimund Bieringer in Bijdragen, 2001

Women’s Ordination: Barriers and Boundaries By Marie Louise Uhr in WomenChurch, 2001

We Will Pour Our Ointment on the Feet of the Church By Aruna Gnanadason, paper to be read at the Women’s Ordination Worldwide conference, Dublin, June-July 2000

The Ordination of Women in the Early Middle Ages By Gary Macy in Theological Studies, September 2000

Pondering the Issue of Women’s Ordination in the Roman Catholic Church: Some Factprs To Consider By Janette Cranshaw, January 2000

Synod Intervention By Rev. Agustina Lumentut, Central Sulawesi Christian Church of Indonesia, Fraternal Delegate from Christian Conference of Asia, East Asian Pastoral Review, 2000

Consider Tradition: A Case for Ordaining Women By Rose Hooever in Commonweal, Jan 29, 1999

The Ordination of Women: A Test Case for Conciliarity By Angela Berlis in Concilium, 1999

Meals of the Community by Suzanne Tunc, Chapter IV from Des Femmes aussi Suivant Jésus, Desclée de Brouwer, Paris, 1998

"Who May Dwell Within your Tent?" In Wie Mag Toeven Binnen Uw Tent?, by the commission on Woman and the Church of the Belgian Bishops' Conference, Louvain, 1998

The Exclusion of Women from the Priesthood according to Thomas Aquinas By Umberto Eco in Belief in What?, Rivages Poche/Petite bibliothèque, 1998

Human Rights in the Church: A Non-Right for Women in the Church? By Marie-Thérèse Van Lunen Chenu in Human Rights: The Christian Contribution, July 1998

Tradition and the Ordination of Women Task Force document endorsed by the Catholic Theological Society of America in June 1997

Catholic Bishops "Overcome Doubts" on Women's Ordination Article in Greenbelt Interfaith News, September 1997

Patristic Testimony on Women's Ordination in 'Inter Insigniores.' By John H. Wright in Theological Studies, September 1997

The Ordination Of Women: A Living Tradition By Dr. Dorothea McEwan in Pogranicza Wrazliwosci w Literaturze i Kulturze Dawnej Oraz Wspolczesnie-Konfrontacje, Szczecin, June 1997

Is Black White? By Sidney Callahan in Commonweal, Feb 9, 1996

Spirituality/Justice Reprint Responses to the CDF document by Joan Chittister, Augustine De Noia, Avery Dulles, Hans Kung, Nicholas Lash, Leadership Conference of Women Religious, Robert McClory, Rosemary Ruether, Francis A. Sullivan. January/February 1996

Responses to Rome By Elizabeth A. Johnson, Michael Novak, Lisa Sowle Cahill, Joseph A. Komonchak, Margaret O'Gara and Francis X. Murphy in Commonweal, January 26, 1996

Ordaining Women Is Rational: That Doesn't Make It Christian By David R. Carlin, Jr. in Commonweal, January 12, 1996

How Binding? By Klaus Nientiedt in Herder Korrespondenz, 1996

Mary, the Virgin Priest? By Dr. Tina Beattie in The Month, December 1996

Infallibility and the Ordination of Women By Richard R. Gaillardetz in Louvain Studies, 1996

Secret Priests By Joseph Dunn in No Vipers in the Vatican, The Columba Press, 1996

In Persona Christi: Towards a Second Naivete By Dennis Michael Ferrara in Theological Studies, March 1996

Rome was not built in a day By Dirk Jacobs, Utrecht University, Department of General Social Sciences, at the Second International Conference of Theory, Culture and Society, Berlin, 10-14 august 1995

Theology, Law & Women's Ordination; 'Ordinatio Sacerdotalis' One Year Later By Charles Donahue, Jr. in Commonweal, June 2, 1995

Women's Ordination and Infallibility By Hans Küng in The Tablet, December 16, 1995

A Scotistic Aside to the Ordination-of-Women Debate By Thomas A. Shannon in Theological Studies, June 1995

"In Persona Christi" By Sara Butler in Theological Studies, March 1995

Women Priests? A Marian Church in a Fatherless and Motherless Culture By in Communio: International Catholic Review, Spring 1995

In the Paraclete I Trust: Women, the Priesthood, & the Patriarchy By Marian Burkhart in Commonweal, May 6, 1994

Ordain Women? Orthodoxy Says No - But Let's Talk By John Garvey in Commonweal, July 15, 1994

Women's Ordination: Six Responses By Avery Dulles, Regina Plunkett Dowling, Catherine Mowry LaCugna, Fleming Rutledge, Robert P. George, Sara Maitland in Commonweal, July 15, 1994

Is the Ordination of Women an Ecumenical Problem? By Professor Dr. Anne Jensen in Internationale Kirchliche Zeitschrift, 1994

The Ordination of Women: Tradition and Meaning By Dennis Michael Ferrara in Theological Studies, December 1994

Priests Retain Right to Debate, Promote Women's Ordination National Catholic Reporter, Nov 11, 1994

Ban on Women Priests Is Shaky Conclusion: Noted Theologian Sees Scholarly Flaws By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, Sept 2, 1994

Polls: Catholics Would Like to See Women Priests National Catholic Reporter, June 17, 1994

Some Welcome Letter as 'Unchangeable Forever' By Robin T. Edwards in National Catholic Reporter, June 17, 1994

Women React in Anger and Pain: Pope's Statement Called 'Arrogant, Patronizing' By Arthur Jones in National Catholic Reporter, June 17, 1994

Slav Pope Gripped by Messianic Mission: He Sees Self Spared to Teach Values to West By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, June 17, 1994

Rome Has Spoken, and the People Are Steamed National Catholic Reporter, July 15, 1994

The Representation of Christ, Ecclesiastical Office, and Presiding at the Eucharist By Professor Dr. Anne Jensen in Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie, 1993

The Forbidden Subject: The Ordination of Women by Jeanne Pieper in The Catholic Woman: Difficult Choices in a Modern World, 1993

Anglicans Fleeing Women Priests Will Have to Jump through Hoops - Male Church of England Priestly Conversions to Catholicism By Peter Hebblethwaite in National Catholic Reporter, May 7, 1993

Its Principles Will Stand, but the Church Shall Change By Morris L. West in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 12, 1993

Equality but Not Symmetry By Michael Ovey, Research Fellow at Oak Hill Theological College, in Cambridge Papers, June 1992

The Ordination of Women: To Nurture Tradition by Continuing Inculturation By Kari Elisabeth Børresen in Studia Theologica, 1992

“The twelve apostles were men - -” By Ida Raming in Orientierung, 1992

Priesthood, Precedent and Prejudice: On Recovering the Women Priests of Early Christianity By Mary Ann Rossi in Journal of Feminist Studies, 1991

The Problem of the Ordination of Women in the Early Christian Priesthood By Professor Giorgio Otranto, University of Bari, Italy, 1991

The Non-ordination of Women: Tradition or Simply an Historical Fact? By Hervé Legrand in Worship, November, 1991

Richard Hooker and the Ordination of Women to the Priesthood By StephenSykes in Women, Theology and the Christian Tradition, 1990

Clergywomen and the Future By Martha Long Ice, Concordia College, Moorhead, MN, in Word & World, 1988

Women's Ordination and the Leadership of the Church By Carol J. Mork, First Lutheran Church, Columbia Heights, MN, in Word & World, 1987

The Injustice of Not Ordaining Women: A Problem for Medieval Theologians By John Hilary Martin, O.P., Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, in Theological Studies, 1987

The Injustice of Not Ordaining Women: A Problem for Medieval Theologians By John Hilary Martin in Theological Studies, June 1987

Did Christ Rule Out Women Priests? Book by John Wijngaards, MHM., 1986

The Question of Women Priests and the argument in Persona Christi By Eric Doyle OFM in The Catholic Citizen, Winter 1985-1986

The Ordination of Women: Tradition and Meaning By Dennis M. Ferrara in Theological Studies, 1984

The Ordination of Women in the Roman Catholic Church By Eric Doyle, OFM in Feminine in the Church, Chapter Two, London 1984

‘Equal But Other’ and the Ordination of Women By Ida Raming in Theology Digest, Spring 1981

The Ordination of Women By Mary F. Rousseau in The Way, 1981

Women and Priestly Ministry: The New Testament Evidence By Elisabeth M Tetlow in Women and Ministry in The New Testament, Paulist Press, 1979

Yes to Women Priests By Anglican clerics, prelates, and professors, 1978

Women and Priesthood: Future Directions Book edited by Carroll Stuhlmueller, C.P. The Liturgical Press, 1978

Man, Woman, and Priesthood Book edited by Peter Moore, SPCK London, 1978

New Woman, New Church, New Priestly Ministry Proceedings of the Second Conference on the Ordination of Roman Catholic Women, Baltimore, Maryland, November 1978

Women Priests: A Catholic Commentary on the Vatican Declaration Book edited by Leonard Swidler and Arlene Swidler, Paulist Press, 1977

Sexism and Church Law: Equal Rights and Affirmative Action Book edited by James A. Coriden, Paulist Press, 1977

Towards a New Theology of Ordination: Essays on the Ordination of Women Book Edited by Marianne H. Micks and Charles P.Price, Virginia Theological Seminary, 1976

Women Priests? Yes - Now! Book edited by Canon Harold Wilson, Denham House Press, 1975

The Ordination of Women: Pro and Con Book edited by Michael P. Hamilton and Nancy S. Montgomery, Morehouse Barlow Co, 1975

Can Women be Priests? Book by Paul Lakeland, 1975

To Be a Priest: Perspectives on Vocation and Ordination Book edited by Robert E. Terwilliger and Urban T. Holmes, The Seabury Press, 1975

Eve at Ephesus (Should women be ordained as pastors according to the First Letter to Timothy 2:11-15?) By Aida Dina Besancon Spencer in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1975

Conclusions regarding the Female Diaconate By Peter Hunermann in Theological Studies, June 1975

Women and Orders Book edited by Robert J. Heyer, Paulist Press 1974

Women Priests in the Catholic Church? A Theological-Historical Investigation Book by Haye van der Meer, Temple University Press, Philadelphia, 1973

Women in Ordained Ministry: A Sociologist Raises a Question by Marie Augusta Neal in Women in Ministry: A Sisters' View, National Assembly of Women Religious, Chicago, 1972

The Question of Women and the Priesthood: Can Women Be Admitted to Holy Orders? By Sister Vincent Emmanuel Hannon, published by Geoffrey Chapman, 1967

Equality of Women: The New Testament By Robert J. Willis, Ph.D.

Women Deacons? Are They Possible? By Duane L.C.M. Galles

On the Ordination of Women By Rev. Fr. Charles E. Irvin, M.B.A., M.Div. J.D., St. Mary's Parish, Manchester, Michigan

Women's Ordination Welcome to the largest international website on the ordination of women. We are Roman Catholic theologians who firmly believe that the discussion on women priests should be left open

Brothers and Sisters in Christ Irish network of women and men praying and working for the ordination of women in the Roman Catholic Church

FutureChurch National coalition of parish-based Catholics who seek the full participation of all baptized Catholics in the life of the Church. FutureChurch advocates the ordination of all baptized persons who are called to priestly ministry by God and the people of God

Women's Ordination Conference Works for the ordination of women as priests and bishops into a renewed priestly ministry in the Roman Catholic church

Catholic Women's Ordination "We hold a vigil on the first Wednesday in the month outside Westminster Cathedral, LONDON, to ask our Bishops to use and value the gifts, talents and insights of women in the ministerial priesthood.(Vigils are held outside other Cathedrals too)"

Searching the Scriptures: Women's Ordination and the Call to Biblical Fidelity An on-line book giving the Seventh Day Adventist perspective on this issue

Women in the Clergy: priests, pastors, ministers, rabbis Data from the Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance

The Question of the Ordination of Lay Men and Women to the Priesthood in the Catholic Church From the Catholic Diocese of Hexham and Newcastle

Ordination of Women--Authority and Practicality By Annick M. Brennen, a Seventh Day Adventist

Priests (Ordination of Women) Measure 1992 A Measure passed by the General Synod of the Church of England

Concerning Women's Ordination - a letter to an episcopal friend By the late Rt. Rev. Alexander Schmemann, S.T.D., LL.D, D.D., who was Dean of St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary in Crestweed, N.Y., where he also occupied the chair of Liturgical and Pastoral Theology

A Biblical and Theological Basis for Women in Ministry From the Evangelical Covenant Church

Last Testament In a "last testament" sent by Msgr. John J. Egan to this newspaper just days before his death May 19, the venerable Chicago diocesan priest called for the ordination of women and married men in the Roman Catholic church




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