Women in the Church


The Media: Modern Forum for Promoting the Role of Women in Society John Paul II: World Communications Day Message May 19, 1996

Woman's Moral Nobility April 1996 general audience of Pope John Paul II

To the Women of the World 1995 letter from Pope John Paul II

On the Dignity and Vocation of Women John Paul II: Mulieris Dignitatem (1988)

Papal Directives For the Woman of Today Pope Pius XII (1947)

A Guide to Gender Inclusive Language in the Catholic Church A 1997 Statement from the New Zealand Catholic Bishops'

Strengthening the Bonds of Peace A 1994 Pastoral Reflection by the US bishops on women in the church and in society

The Specific Contribution That Women Make to Theology By Pope Benedict XVI in general audience, September 2010

The Genius of Women for the Work of the Church By Pope Benedict XVI in general audience, September 2010

Women at the Service of the Gospel By Pope Benedict XVI in general audience, February 2007




'A Matter of Justice and Necessity': Women's Participation in the Catholic Church By Mary Coloe PBVM in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Spring 2011

Historical tensions visit women and the Church By Andrew Hamilton in Eureka Street, June 18, 2009

Simple Lives: A New Beginning for the Beguines? By Jean Hughes Raber in Commonweal, May 22, 2009

The 'New' Feminism? John Paul II & the 1912 Encyclopedia By Cathleen Kaveny in Commonweal, March 28, 2008

Paul and Gender: Three Jewish Perspectives By Daniel R. Langton, Professor of the History of Jewish-Christian Relations at the University of Manchester, 2008

Leadership Roles of Women in the Johannine Community By Peter Hongliang Xing in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2008

"Beguines" Reconsidered: Historiographical Problems and New Directions By Jennifer Deane in Monastic Matrix, August 2008

Women and Leadership in Romans 16 By Reimund Bieringer in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2007

Women and Leadership in Romans 16 (2) By Reimund Bieringer in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2007

Women in Early Christianity and the Institutionalization of Charisma By Herbert Schneider SJ in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2007

The Question of Governance and Ministry for Women By Phyllis Zagano in Theological Studies, June 2007

Ecumenical Sensitivity Meets Church Law on Women Bishops By Charles Sherlock in Eureka Street, October 3, 2007

Women of the African Diaspora Within: The Masowe Apostles, an African Initiated Church By Isabel Mukonyora. Chapter 4 of the book Women and religion in the African diaspora: knowledge, power, and performance, 2006

Women is Society and in the Church of Tamil Nadu By M. Baby Kamala in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2006

Women in Jesuit Higher Education By Alice B. Hayes in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

The Other Half of the Equation: Women Leaders in Jesuit Colleges and Universities By Mary E. Beadle in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Is There a Gender Gap? Yes. By Mary Ann Rowan and Jennifer Grant Haworth in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Gender Equity in Higher Education: The Marquette Initiative By Cheryl L. Maranto in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Just Listen: Jesuit Higher Education and the Situation of Women By Barbara J. Busse in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Women in Campus Ministry: What Future Role? By Mary Romer Cline in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

How Women Came to Fordham: The Life and Death of Thomas More College By Raymond A. Schroth, S.J.in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Marquette's First Women Students By Thomas Jablonsky in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

We Have Come a Long Way Since Women Were First Admitted to Fordham College By Mary E. Procidano in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Dusting Off a Document By Garvin Mary, SNJM in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

We Were Pioneers By Patrick Howell, S.J.in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

A Tale of Two Stories By Arthur Madigan, S.J.in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Cautious Optimism in Chicago By Susan A. Ross in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education, 2006

Margaret Prestwich and the Priory of Seaton By S. M. Bradbrooke and W. G. Wiseman in Transactions of the Cumberland & Westmorland Antiquarian & Archeological Society, 2006

The Liturgical Functions of Consecrated Women in the Byzantine Church By Valerie A. Karras in Theological Studies, March 2005

Feminism and the Vatican By Edward Collins Vacek in Theological Studies, March 2005

Voices of the Women By Sophie McGrath RSM in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Summer 2005

The Church as Liberation Community from Patriarchy: The Praxis of Ministry as Discipleship of Equals By Rosemary Radford Ruether. Address at Women's Ordination Worldwide (WOW) Conference, July 2005

We are Church - A Kingdom of Priests By Elisabeth Schussler Fiorenza. Address at Women's Ordination Worldwide (WOW) Conference, July 2005

Different Voices/Different Choices: Feminist Perspectives on Ministry By Mary E. Hunt. Address at Women's Ordination Worldwide (WOW) Conference, July 2005

Diakonos and Prostatis: Women's Patronage in Early Christianity Carolyn Osiek, Professor of New Testament at Brite Divinity School, Texas Christian University, in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2005

Moving Toward Wholeness: Women and Religion in the Global World By Mary Boys. Plenary Presentation at the Annual Conference of the International Council of Christians and Jews, Chicago, July 25, 2005

Women's Service in the Church: The Biblical Basis By the Bishop of Durham, Dr N. T. Wright, for the Symposium, 'Men, Women and the Church,' St John's College, Durham, September 4 2004

Ratzinger, feminist? Not quite By Sidney Callahan in Commonweal, Sept 10, 2004

Towards Fullness of Life: Women's Resources For the Trnansformation of the Church By Amelia Vasquez, R.S.C.J. in East Asian Pastoral Review, 2004

Sex, Women & the Church: The Need for Prophetic Change By Luke Timothy Johnson in Commonweal, June 20, 2003

Conspicuous in Their Absence: Women in Early Christianity By Lisa Bellan-Boyer in Cross Currents, Spring, 2003

Women and Leadership from a Pastoral Perspective of Friendship By Yolande Dreyer, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria, in HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 2002

Women in the Mission of the Church: An Interpretation of John 4 By Rekha Chennattu, RA, 2002

Gender and the 'Sensus Fidelium By Veronica Brady in Proceedings of The Inaugural Conference Conference of Australia Reforming Catholics, 2002

To Speak a Word of Hope: Facing the divides in our country and in our Church By Sonia Wagner SGS in Compass: A Review of Topical Theology, Winter 2002

Body of a Saint, Story of a Goddess: Origins of the Brigidine Tradition By Lisa Bitel in Textual Practice, 2002

Women under Monasticism Chapters IV, VI, VII and IX and Appendix of Women under Monasticism: Chapters on Saint-Lore and Convent Life Between A.D. 500 and A.D. 1500 by Lina Eckenstein, 2002

"On the Same Basis as the Men": The Campaign to Reinstate Women as Messengers to the Southern Baptist Convention, 1885-1918 By J. Michael Raley, Ph.D. Candidate, The University of Chicago, 2001

Women in the Syriac Tradition July 2001 issue of Hugoye: Journal of Syriac Studies, including: "'Bold and Having No Shame:' Ambiguous Widows, Controlling Clergy, and Early Syrian Communities," by Michael Penn, Haverford; "Women in Aphrahat: Some Observations," by Adam Lehto, University of Toronto; "Theodora the 'Believing Queen': A Study in Syriac Historiographical Tradition," by Susan A. Harvey, Brown University; "Hindiyya Anne cjaymi and Her Spiritual Journey: The Essential Lightness of Being," by Avril M. Makhlouf, The Catholic University of America

African Women in the Church as the Family of God By Emmanuel Barbara in African Christian Studies, March 2001

The Sacramental Body: Symbols of a Gendered Church By Tina Beattie in The Way, 2001

Women's Martyrdom: Death, Gender and Witness in Rome and El Salvador By Beverley McFarlane in The Way, 2001

African Women in the Church as the Family of God By Emmanuel Barbara in African Christian Studies, March 2001

St. Brigit of Ireland: From Virgin Saint to Fertility Goddess Presented by Lisa M. Bitel at Fordham University, February, 2001

The Church in Asia in Solidarity with Women Workshop Report of the FABC Seventh Plenary Assembly in January 2000 in Samphran, Thailand

The "Feminist Pope"? Women and Family in the Social Thought of John Paul II By Patricia Donohue-White in the Catholic Social Science Review, 2000

Women in the Church in the New Millenium Sister Sharon Euart,RSM, September 2000

Women in Christian Leadership By Dr. M. Eleanor Irwin in McMaster Journal of Theology and Ministry, vol 3, 2000

Synod Intervention By Sr. Filomena Hirota, MMB, East Asian Pastoral Review, 2000

John Paul II's Ut Unum Sint and Conversation with Women By Sally M. Vance-Trembath in Theological Studies, March 1999

Patriarchal and Hierarchical Nature of the Church Seen as the Fundamental Barrier to Women's Participation From the Report on the Participation of Women in the Catholic Church in Australia published by Harper Collins Religious, 1999

Dominant Common Characteristics of Perceptions Concerning the Participation of Women in the Church From the Report on the Participation of Women in the Catholic Church in Australia published by Harper Collins Religious, 1999

Two contrasting Perceptions of Women in the Catholic Church of Australia From the Report on the Participation of Women in the Catholic Church in Australia published by Harper Collins Religious, 1999

The Female Body and the Sacramental Priesthood in neo-orthodox Catholic Theology Chapter Four in God's Mother, Eve's Advocate. A Gynocentric Refiguration of Marian Symbolism in Engagement with Luce Irigaray, Centre for Comparative Studies in Religion and Gender, University of Bristol, 1999

Male Discourse about God in the Liturgy and Its Effects on Women By Ida Raming in Lumen Vitae, Revue Internationale de Catechese et de Pastorale, 1999

Towards a Prosopography of Nuns in Medieval Ireland  By Dianne Hall in Archivium Hibernicum, or Irish Historical Records, 1999

The Jesuits and Women: Reflections on the 34th General Congregation's Statement on Women in Church and Civil Society By Susan A. Ross in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education , 1999

Human Rights in the Church: A Non-right for Women in the Church? By Marie-Therese Van Lunen Chenu, 1998

The Feminist Pope: But Who Does the Dishes? By Sidney Callahan in Commonweal, April 10, 1998

Women Ministering: Change Amongst the Churches By Jean Mayland in The Way, 1998

Woman, Wife, Mother, Catholic and Feminist: A Contemporary American View By Wendy M. Wright in The Way, 1998

The Missing Voice: African Women Doing Theology By Nyambura J. Njoroge of Women and Men in Partnership Programme, World Alliance of Reformed Churches, Geneva, in Journal of Theology for Southern Africa, November 1997

A Discipleship of Love: Mary of Bethany and the Ministry of Women By Tina Beattie in The Month, May 1997

Women Disciples By Ann Mary Clement in Focus, 1997

Jesuits and the Situation of Women in Church and Civil Society From the 34th General Congregation of the Society of Jesus, 1996

A modest proposal: a place for women in the hierarchy By Mary Douglas in Commonweal, June 14, 1996

Christology, African Women And Ministry By Laurenti Magesa, April 1996

Orphaned at Birth: Women in the Church By Liz Leibold McCloskey in Commonweal, Jan 27, 1995

Message to the Fourth U.N. Women's Conference From Mother Teresa, 1995

A "Fluttering Flock" of Messengers? Women in the New Testament By Sarah S. Henrich, Luther Seminary, St. Paul, Minnesota, in Word & World, Summer 1995

The Thanksgiving of Women after Childbirth, commonly called The Churching of Women By Natalie Knodel, University of Durham, April 1995

Liturgical Preaching by Women: A New Sign Language of Salvation By Sarah Ann Fairbanks in The Way, 1995

Ignored Opportunities for Women in Canon Law By Ida Raming in Theology Digest, Fall 1995

Is Silence Golden? Paul and Women's Speech in Corinth By Caroline Vander Stichele in Louvain Studies, 1995

The Nature of Women and the Method of Theology By Mary Aquin O'Neill in Theological Studies, December 1995

What the Nuns Read: Literary Evidence from the English Bridgettine House, Syon Abbey  By Ann Hutchison in Mediaeval Studies, 1995

Study Shows Church Is Still a Men's Club: Women's Leadership Roles Show Little Increase in Five Years By Robin T. Edwards in National Catholic Reporter, Dec 16, 1994

Strange Omission of Key Women in the Lectionary By Ruth Fox in National Catholic Reporter, May 13, 1994

CTU Women 'Quietly Push Forth a Vision' By Tim Unsworth in National Catholic Reporter, March 11, 1994

Women Bring New Dimension to Several Aspects of Ministry By Debra Nussbaum Cohen in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 11, 1994

Three Fifteenth-century Vowesses By Mary C. Erler in Medieval London widows, 1300-1500, 1994

The Imperial Abbey and the Town of Zurich: The Benedictine Nuns and the Price of Ritual in 13th, 14th, and 15th Century Switzerland By Elizabeth Lipsmeyer in On Pilgrimage : The best of Vox Benedictina 1984-1993; A Journal of Feminine and Monastic Spirituality, 1994

Christology, African Women and Ministry By Laurenti Magesa in East Asian Pastoral Review, 1994

Leadership from a Feminist Perspective By Lynn N. Rhodes in Word & World, 1993

Scholar Unearths History of Celtic Women: Women Played Roles That Today Belong to Male Priesthood By Dawn Gibeau in National Catholic Reporter, Feb 19, 1993

Women-Church: 'Adrift' from Catholicism? - Women-Church Convergence Conference By Demetria Martinez in National Catholic Reporter, April 16, 1993

Celebrating Diversity of Catholic Women: Women-Church Convergence Conference By Demetria Martinez in National Catholic Reporter, April 30, 1993

New Roles for Women in the Institutional Church By Jeanne Pieper in The Catholic Woman. Difficult Choices in a Modern World, Lowell House, Los Angeles, 1993

Women-Church: A Way to Stay While Patriarchy Wears Away By Rosemary Radford Ruether in National Catholic Reporter, August 13, 1993

The Role of the Female Sacristan prior to Trent By Geertruida de Moor in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1993

Dowries, Private Income, and Anniversary Masses: The Nuns of Saint-Antoine-des-Champs (Paris) By Constance H. Berman in Proceedings of the Western Society for French History, 1993

A Comparative Study of Three Manuscripts of the Rule of St. Benedict for Women By John E. Crean Jr in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1993

Syncletica of Palestine: A Sixth-Century Female Anchorite By Tim Vivian in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1993

A Woman's Place By Alice Bourke Hayes, PhD, in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education , 1993

Women and Men Working Together in Jesuit Institutions of Higher Learning By Lisa Sowle Cahill, PhD, in Conversations on Jesuit Higher Education , 1993

Let's Start Over: A Bishop Appraises the Pastoral on Women By P. Francis Murphy, an auxiliary bishop in Baltimore and, from 1978-89, a member of the NCCB Committee on Women, in Commonweal, Sept 25, 1992

Mulieres Religiosæ in Goswin of Villers By Martinus Cawley in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1992

Open Monasteries for Women in Late Medieval and Early Modern Italy: Two Roman Examples  By Katherine Gill in The Crannied Wall: Women, Religion and the Arts in Early Modern Europe, 1992

The Iconography of St. Martha: Some Considerations  By Diane E. Peters in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1992

Women in the Church: Interpreting the Past, Envisaging the Future Draft paper by Megan Walker, October 1991

Gender and the Authority of Friars: the Significance of Holy Women for Thirteenth -Century Franciscans and Dominicans By John Coakley in Church History, 1991

Celibatarian Repression of Women by Uta Ranke-Heinemann. Chapter 9 from Eunuchs for Heaven, 1990

Fashions in Monastic Patronage: The Popularity of Supporting Cistercian Abbeys for Women in Thirteenth-Century Northern France By Constance H. Berman in Proceedings of the Western Society for French History, 1990

The Ordeal of Community: Hagiography and Discipline in Merovingian Convents  By Jo Ann McNamara in The Ordeal of Community, 1990

Holy Women and Monks in the Thirteenth Century: Friendship or Exploitation? By Brian Patrick McGuire, Center for europæiske Middelalderstudier Københavns Universitet, Copenhagen, in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1989

Syncletica and Macrina: Two Early Lives of Women Saints By Kevin Corrigan in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1989

Partners in Ministry: Men and Women By Stephanie K. Frey and Lawrence R. Wohlrabe in Word & World, 1988

Women in Religious Congregations and Politics By Leslie Griffin in Theological Studies, September 1988

Men's Houses, Women's Houses: The Relationship between the Sexes in Twelfth Century Monasticism By Constance H. Berman in The Medieval Monastery, Andrew MacLeish, editor,  1988

Women of the Middle Ages: The Mystical Jubilus III: An example of a medieval German convent chronicle Translated from the Middle High German by Gertrud Jaron Lewis, Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario, in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1988

Woman Seen as a 'Problem' and as 'Solution' in the Theological Anthropoloqy of the Early Fathers: Considering the Consequences By Dr.Marie-Henry Keane O.P., formerly Prof. in Systematic Theology Dept. of Univ. of South Africa, Pretoria. Paper presented to Catholic Theological Society of South Africa, October 1987

The Image of St. Brigit in the Early Irish Church By Dorothy Ann Bray in Etudes celtiques, 1987

Looking for Medieval Women: An Interim Report on the Project 'Women's Religious Life and Communities, AD 500-1500  By Mary Martin McLaughlin in Medieval Prosopography, 1987

Missionaries, Apostles, Coworkers: Romans 16 and the Reconstruction of Women's Early Christian History By Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, Episcopal Divinity School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in Word & World, 1986

Women and Discipleship in the New Testament By Janet Gaden in The Way, 1986

Woman and the Desert Fathers By Louis Leloir, OSB, Abbaye Saint-Maurice, Clervaux, Luxembourg, in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1986

Pope Joan By S. Baring-Gould and Margot H. King in Vox Benedictina: A Journal of Translations from Monastic Sources, 1986

Women in the Church: Scriptural Principles and Ecclesial Practice A Report of the Commission on Theology and Church Relations of the Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod, September 1985

The Passion of Perpetua, Everywoman of Late Antiquity By Mary Ann Rossi in Pagan and Christian Anxiety: A Response to E.R. Dodds, University Press of America, 1985

Women and the Church Chapter 6 of What is Right with Feminism by Elaine Storkey, SPCK, 1985

Polarization: Christianity against Feminism Chapter 10 of What is Right with Feminism by Elaine Storkey, SPCK, 1985

Woman and Power By Mary Daniel Turner in The Way, 1985

Women Making Church By Benedicte du Chaffaut in The Way, 1985

Mary Ward: Women and Leadership By Joan Chittister in The Way, 1985

Women and Theology By Margaret Brennan in The Way, 1985

Women in Ministries By Veronica Brady in The Way, 1985

Women as Donors and Patrons to Southern French Monastaries in the 12th and 13th centuries By Constance H. Berman in The Worlds of Medieval Women: Creativity, Influence, Imagination, Constance H. Berman, editor, 1985

The Role of Women According to Jesus and the Early Church By Robert J. Karris, O.F.M., 1984

The Status of Women in the Code of Canon Law and in the United Nations Convention By Marie-Therese van Lunen Chenu and Louise Wentholt in Praxis juridique et religion, 1984

Women in the New Code By Rose McDermott in The Way, 1984

The Role of Women in Early Christianity Book by Jean LaPorte, Edwin Mellen Press, 1982

Scholarship in Women's Communities  By Suzanne Fonay Wemple in Women in Frankish Society: Marriage and the Cloister, 500 to 900,  1981

The Role of Women in the Church: The Pauline Perspective By John E. Toews in Direction, January 1980

Women and Ministry in the New Testament Book by Elisabeth M Tetlow, Paulist Press, 1980

Woman in the Church Book by Louis Bouyer, Ignatius Press, 1979

Filippa Mareri, la santa baronessa, la santa del Cicolano By Robert Brentano in Saints, scholars, and heroes: studies in medieval culture in honor of Charles W. Jones, Margot. H. King, editor, 1979

Women in the Life of the Church By Elizabeth Carroll, 1977

Women in the Life of the Church By Elizabeth Carroll in Women Priests, Paulist Press 1977

Women in Vatican Documents 1960 to the Present By Nadine Foley, O.P. in Sexism and Church Law, Paulist Press, 1977

Full Participation of Women in the Life of the Catholic Church By Edward J Kilmartin, S.J., in Sexism and Church Law, Paulist Press, 1977

Hermeneutics and Women in the Church By Grant R. Osborne in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1977

Women in the Early Church: A Problem of Perspective By Lloyd G. Patterson, 1976

Women Ministers in the New Testament Church? By C. E. Cerling, Jr., doctoral candidate at Aquinas Institute of Theology, Dubuque, IA, in Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 1976

Sexual Equality and the Cult of Virginity in Early Christian Thought  By Jo Ann McNamara in Feminist Studies, 1976

Women and Ministry By Elizabeth Carroll in Theological Studies, December 1975

Women in the Church By Rosemary Haughton in The Way, 1974

Male Clericalism and the Dread of Women By Rosemary Radford Ruether, 1974

Women in Ministry: A Sisters' View From National Assembly of Women Religious, Chicago, 1972

Woman in a Man's Church Book by Arlene Swidler published by Paulist Press, 1972

The Ministry of Women in the Church By Jean Beyer in The Way, 1972

Consecration and Ministry of Women in the Church: Personal Reflections By Begona De Isusi in The Way, 1972

The Ministry of Woman in the Church By Agnes Cunningham in Proceedings of the Catholic Theological Society of America, 1969

Is There Room for Women in the Functions of the Church? By Jan Peters, O.C.D. Smakt-Venray, Netherlands, in Concilium - Theology in the Age of Renewal, 1968

Women Ministers in the Catholic Church? By Rene van Eyden in Sisters Today, December 1968

Woman and the Council: Hopes and Expectations Dr. Gertrud Heinzelmann, Attorney-at-Law, Zurich, in Wir schweigen nicht langer! (We Won't Keep Silence Any Longer!), Interfeminas-Verlag, 1964. A petition addressed to the Pre- paratory Commission of Vatican Council II concerning the place of woman in the Roman Catholic Church

Women and the Church By Mary F. Daly, S.T.L., in Commonweal, February 14, 1964

Catholic Women and the Modern Era By Mary F. Daly, S.T.L. in Wir schweigen nicht langer! (We Won't Keep Silence Any Longer!), Interfeminas-Verlag, 1964

Resolutions passed at its conventions in Freiburg 1963 and Antwerp 1964 By the St. Joan's International Alliance, published in Wir schweigen nicht länger! (We Won't Keep Silence Any Longer!), Interfeminas-Verlag, 1964

Women and the Church By Rosemary Lauer, Ph. D., in Commonweal, December 20, 1963

Ethics and Feminism: Attitudes Towards Women in the Church By Yuri Josef Koszarycz, Senior Lecturer in Religion Studies, Department of Theology, Australian Catholic University (McAuley Campus, Brisbane)

Gender and Theology in Africa today By Mercy Amba Oduyoye on the website of The Circle of Concerned African Woman Theologians

Two Sermons on Wives and Widows By St. Bernardino of Siena, preached in the great public square of his native Siena during August and September of the year 1427

The Production of the Woman By Saint Thomas Aquinas in his Summa Theologica

Statements on Women By Church Fathers, Doctors, and Saints




Sisters Between: Gender and the Medieval Beguines By Abby Stoner. The Beguines of northern Europe have been called the first women's movement in Christian history. This group of religiously dedicated laywomen, who took no permanent vows, followed no prescribed rule, supported themselves by manual labor, interacted with the "world," and remained celibate, flourished in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries--a time when the Church had defined two legitimate roles for pious women: cloistered nun and keeper at home

Epistolae: Medieval Women's Letters Epistolae is a collection of letters to and from women in the Middle Ages, from the 4th to the 13th century. The letters, written in Latin, are linked to the names of the women involved, with English translations and, where available, biographical sketches of the women and some description of the subject matter or the historic context of the letter

Women Give Life to the Church From the Forum of European Christians

Catholic Perspective on Women in Society and in the Church A couple of dozen items, many quotes from Pope John Paul II, on the Christian vision, women in society, women in the life of the Church, and St. Augustine on women

A litany of women for the church From the Benedictine Sisters of Erie

Women And The Australian Church An organization that seeks to provide a forum for those searching and longing for an inclusive church. See especially the articles on the RESOURCES page

Female Ministry; or, Woman's Right to Preach the Gospel Pamphlet by Catherine Mumford Booth published in London in 1859

The Doves Kinswoman Reflections by Jim McKay on the biblical foundations for women's ministry in the church

The St. Nina Quarterly A publication dedicated to exploring the ministry of women in the Orthodox Church and to cultivating a deeper understanding of ministry in the lives of all Orthodox Christian women and men

Women-Church Convergence A coalition of autonomous Catholic-rooted organizations/groups raising a feminist voice and committed to an ekklesia of women which is participative, egalitarian and self-governing

The Circle of Concerned African Woman Theologians

Catholic Network for Women's Equality Since 1980, CNWE has offered a vision of church that is renewing and open to all!


Theology Library Companion Pages
Religious and Theological Perspectives on Women
The Ordination of Women

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